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Obj. ID: 44834
Memorials
  Holocaust memorial in Kastoria, Greece, 1996

© Samuel D. Gruber, Photographer: Gruber, Samuel D., 2022

Who is Commemorated?

Jews of Kastoria

Description

The white marble monument is located on the side of a major road that climbs the hill of the old town of Kastoria. The space widens out on the other side of Merarhias Street to create a small park with a fine view of the lake.

The form of the monument is abstract. The roughly carved stone is divided into two vertical parts which suggest the Tablets of the Law. The commemorative inscription is written in Greek and English on the right side.

Later, two little metal and glass boxes were attached to the top of the monument to contain memorial candles. One of these has fallen off and is kept in the studio of a sculptor who lives nearby.

To the right of the monument a separate inscribed marble plaque has been attached to the bedrock of the hillside, also after 1996. The words are taken from a letter by Regina Koen, a young Jewish girl of Kastoria, who left it for one of her Christian friends at the time of her deportation.

Inscriptions

In Greek:

ΣΤΗ ΘΕΣΗ ΑΥΤΗ ΣΤΙΣ
24 ΜΑΡΤΙΟU 1944 ΟΙ ΝΑΖΙ
ΣΥΓΚΕΝΤΡΩΣΑΝ ΤΟUΣ
1000 ΕΒΡΑΙΟUΣ ΤΗΣ ΚΑΣΤΟΡΙΑΣ
ΤΟUΣ ΣΕΤΕΦΕΑΝ ΣΤΑ
ΣΤΡΑΤΟΠΕΔΑ ΘΑΝΑΤΟΥ
ΤΟΥ ΑΟΥΣΒΙΤΖ
ΕΠΕΣΤΡΕΨΑΝ ΜΟΝΟΝ
35 ΕΠΙΖΗΣΑΝΤΕΣ

In English:

IN THIS PLACE, ON THE 24TH OF
MARCH 1944, THE NAZIS
GATHERED THE 1000
JEWS OF KASTORIA
AND DEPORTED THEM TO THE
DEATH CAMPS IN AUSCHWITZ.
ONLY 35 SURVIVORS
RETURNED

On Regina Koen plaque, in Greek:

Τασίτσα μου,
όταν διαβάσεις αυτά τα λόγια
δεν θα υπάρχω πια στην ζωή
θα μ’ έχει φάει η ξενιτιά
χύσε για μένα ένα δάκρυ
αν ζω ή αν πεθαίνω.
    Ρεγγίνα Κοέν

Translation: My Tasitsa, when you read these words, I will no longer be alive, I will have been eaten by foreign soil. Shed a tear for me, whether I live or die. Regina Cohen.

Commissioned by

Municipality of Kastoria

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

30 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust memorial in Kastoria | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1996
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Material / Technique
marble
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
128 cm wide
213 cm high
25 cm thick
Regina Koen plaque (68 x 53 x 4 cm)
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

“There were 900 Jews in Kastoria in 1940. On March 25, 1944, 763 of them were rounded up for deportation, first to Thessaloniki and then to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Prior to their deportation, they were enclosed in an abandoned school for days, with no food or water, and the young girls were raped by German soldiers.” 
[Kastoria, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum]

Thirty-five Jews survived the Holocaust in Kastoria.

The monument is set below the building of a former Jewish school where local Jews were confined and tortured before their deportation.

In 1996, the Holocaust memorial was dedicated in honor of the victims.

Vandalism

The monument has been desecrated several times, including in December 2018.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"Kastoria," United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, https://www.ushmm.org/information/exhibitions/online-exhibitions/special-focus/holocaust-in-greece/kastoria (accessed February 7, 2023)

"ΣΟΝΙΑΣ ΕΥΘΥΜΙΑΔΟΥ-ΠΑΠΑΣΤΑΥΡΟΥ: Ημέρα μνήμης Εφημερίδα της Καστοριάς," ODOS Newspaper of Kastoria, May 20, 2013, http://www.odos-kastoria.gr/2013/05/blog-post_20.html (accessed February 7, 2023)

Γιάννης Κορεντσίδης: «Η καρδιά μας δεν ξεχνά» [Yannis Korentsidis: "Our heart does not forget"], Fouit.gr, March 27, 2022, https://fouit.gr/2022/03/27/giannis-korentsidis-i-kardia-mas-den-xechna/ (accessed February 7, 2023)

“Jewish memorial in Kastoria desecrated,” Kathimerini, December 26, 2018, https://www.ekathimerini.com/news/236024/jewish-memorial-in-kastoria-desecrated/ (accessed February 7, 2023)
Type
Documenter
Samuel D. Gruber | 2022
Author of description
Samuel D. Gruber | 2022
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: