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Obj. ID: 39610  GFC Esther Scroll with Arches and Geometric Patterns, Essaouira, 1889 (?)

© Gross Family Collection (GFC), Photographer: Bar Hama, Ardon, -.

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Name/Title
GFC Esther Scroll with Arches and Geometric Patterns | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1889 (?)
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Unknown |
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Gross Family Collection No.
081.012.046
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: 140x2165 mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Hallmark
Condition

The right edge of the first membrane is seriously damaged and the final section of the scroll is crumpled, but in spite of this, the manuscript is in good condition.

Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Description

The Hebrew text of the Book of Esther is copied within an architectural frame formed of arches. The spaces between the text panels are filled with various geometric patterns painted in two colors. In the seventeenth text panel, a kind of stylized floral decoration is incorporated. The upper and lower margins and the final section of the scroll containing the additional texts are not decorated.

The scroll is accompanied by a separate, undecorated, sheet containing the liturgical poem.

Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew is followed by a benediction panel including fragments of the Shoshanat Yakov poem. Another piyut - Kuma Elohim ezrata li is written on a separate sheet accompanying the scroll.

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 4 sheets, containing in total 20 columns of text of 20-24 lines each, except for col. 17 which includes 11 lines divided into two half-columns. In the twentieth panel, a narrow column of text is written.

The lines of the text fit the shape of the panels, therefore they are of different lengths.

The number of the text columns per membrane: no. 1 - 5 columns, nos. 2 and 3 - 6 columns, no. 4 - 3 columns + additional texts.

The text is written in Hebrew square Oriental script in brown ink on the parchment membranes.

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) is very wide and formed of two parts joined with a roof and decorated with tagin. The letter ת (Es. 9:29) is not highlighted.

There is a decorated letter ע in the final word of the scroll.

The ruling is made with a hard point; only horizontal lines are visible. 

The pricking is invisible.

The membranes in the scroll are stitched together.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

According to William Gross: "It [the scroll] probably comes from the area of Essaouira and is quite unusual for Moroccan megiloth in having both a date and a place indicated on the scroll."

Text panels are of different widths.

There are Arabic numerals above each text panel; some of them are written in ink, while others are written in pencil.

The decorations are sketched in the same ink as the text of the Book of Esther was written.

The color scheme featuring this scroll is typical for many decorated Jewish manuscripts from Morocco.

History/Provenance

The manuscript ends with a Hebrew note by its owner, Machlouf Abitzror, and says about Megillah reading in the town of Tizonin in 1889.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

No bibliography on the scroll is available.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
Researcher
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
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