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Obj. ID: 39608  GFC Double-Style Decoration Esther Scroll, Essaouira (?), ca. 1800

© Gross Family Collection (GFC), Photographer: Bar Hama, Ardon, -.

14 image(s)

Name/Title
GFC Double-Style Decoration Esther Scroll | Unknown
Object
Unknown
Object Detail
Date
Ca. 1800
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Unknown |
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Category
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: 335x4830 mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Hallmark
Condition

The right edge of the first membrane is damaged.

The third and the fourth membranes are torn.

There are some slight losses in the membranes.

The text is very well preserved.

The green paint is flaked off and faded.

Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Description

The scroll lacks its original opening panel (possibly it was lost or damaged) that was replaced by a membrane decorated with different motifs than all remaining membranes; therefore, the manuscript features two styles of ornamentation. The opening section of the Book of Esther is copied exceptionally within a horseshoe arch surrounded by floral decoration. All other columns of text are copied within arches framed by sophisticated floral and geometric decorations that resemble furniture ornamentation; they all feature the same style but differ in detail. The decorations of the first membrane feature different coloring than the remaining part of the manuscript. The final part of the scroll is blank.

According to William Gross: "This is arguably the grandest of all decorated Esther scrolls from Morroco known today".

Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 9 sheets, containing in total 21 columns of text of 17 lines each, except for col. 1 which includes 41 lines and col. 17 which includes 11 lines divided into two half-columns.

The lines of the text fit the shape of the panels, therefore they are of different lengths.

The number of the text columns per membrane: nos. 1 and 2 - 1 column, no. 3 - 2 columns, no. 4 - 3 columns, no. 5 - 2 columns, nos. 6 and 7 - 3 columns, no. 8 - 4 columns, no. 9 - 2 columns.

The text is written in Hebrew square Oriental script with tagin in brown ink on the parchment membranes.

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) is elongated and arched (similarly to some other elongated letters in the first column). The letter ת (Es. 9:29) is not highlighted. Enlarged and diminished letters are included in col. 17.

The letter ע in the final word of the scroll is decorated.

The ruling is made with a hard point; only horizontal lines can be noticed. 

The pricking is invisible.

The membranes in the scroll are stitched together.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

Text panels nos. 17-20 are narrower than all remaining panels in the scroll.

Some words in the scroll are vocalized.

History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

No bibliography is available on the scroll.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
Researcher
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
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