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Obj. ID: 36685  JMP Aryeh Leib ben Daniel of Goray Sepia Esther Scroll, Italy (?), 1740s

© Jewish Museum in Prague (JMP), Photographer: Unknown, -.

6 image(s)

Name/Title
JMP Aryeh Leib ben Daniel of Goray Sepia Esther Scroll | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1740s
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Aryeh Leib ben Daniel of Goray (Goraj)
(Scribe and artist)
Aryeh Leib ben Daniel of Goray (18th century, dates of life unknown) was a prolific artist and scribe who used to include scribal notes in the manuscripts and due to them, some stages of his career can be traced. The earliest evidence of his artistic activity is proved by the scrolls dated to 1732 and 1733 created when he still was in Goray (Pol. Goraj, Poland), his hometown. Around 1737 his presence and activity are testified in Germany and in the 1740s in Italy. Here he executed at least four examples of the decorated scrolls and in some other adorned with printed frames designed by Francesco Griselini (see "Griselini scrolls" in the Index) he copied the text of Megillah. The latest manuscript including Aryeh Leib's colophon is dated to 1755 and was written in France. The scrolls created over 20 years of his activity as an artist and a scribe show that his style developed and transformed from the manuscripts painted in multicolored and delicate water paints to these decorated solely in a pen and brown ink that feature his mature style. So far, no manuscripts - other than Esther scrolls - produced by him have been found.
Origin
Italy
| (?)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Unknown |
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Category
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Hallmark
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Description

This lavishly decorated scroll is not signed but its ornamentation resembles the style of the megillot Esther executed by the scribe-artist Aryeh Leib son of Daniel of Goray (Pol. Goraj), Poland. The right edge of the first membrane is trimmed. The upper margins adorn angel’s heads framed in semicircles placed at the center of each text panel. They are flanked by flowers and bunches of grapes. Every section is alternated with medallions containing the busts of the minor characters of the Esther story who are identified by their names written in a semi-cursive Hebrew script; they are Mehuman, Bizetha, Harbonah, Bighta, Abaghta, Zethar, Carcas, Bightan, Teresh, Hatakh, Hegai, Shaashgaz, and Memucan. The roundels are flanked by architectonic elements with winged busts. The text is inscribed in the rectangular panels interspersed by full-length figures of the main characters of the Esther story that appear in the niches; they are Ahasuerus, Vashti, Mordecai, Esther, Haman, Zeresh, Hatakh, Carshena Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, and Marsena. Also, these figures are identified by their names inscribed in the same type of Hebrew script as above. The spaces above them are adorned with birds sitting on twigs while below them there are decorative urns with plants and fruits. The lower margins embellish heads of angels framed in semicircles, the same as in the upper margins and they alternate with ovals containing narrative scenes reflecting the Purim story placed; the illustrations are placed below the vases. They are flanked by architectonic elements with birds and flowers (possibly daffodils) and are also captioned in semi-cursive Hebrew script. The background behind them is covered with a repeating composition including birds. Additionally, the hand-drawn imitation of the cross-hatching fills the background of all decorated spaces. The narrative cycle of this scroll includes an additional depiction incorporated into the 10th text column. The left margin of the last membrane is trimmed into a semicircle.

Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Researcher
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconsdivuction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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