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Obj. ID: 35189  JHI Cherubs Esther Scroll, Central Europe, mid-18th century

© Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw, Photographer: Kwolek, Grzegorz, 09.2017.

9 image(s)

Name/Title
JHI Cherubs Esther Scroll | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
mid-18th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Unknown |
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Category
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: ca. 246 x ca. 3240 mm.
The length of the sheets in the scroll: 1) ca. 645 mm, 2) ca. 650 mm, 3) ca. 635 mm, 4) ca. 465 mm, 5) ca. 490 mm, 6) ca. 355 mm.
- text panel: 185 x ca. 135;
- decorations in the upper margin: 25 mm;
- decorations in the lower margin: 30 mm;
- the spaces between the text panels vary and they are 15-20 mm wide;
- cherubim: 50 mm (height);
- garlands: 55 mm;
- columns between the text panels: ca. 105 mm (height)
- illustration in col. 16: ca. 160x73 mm.
An average letter is 4 mm high, whereas the letters in col. 17 are 10 mm high, similarly as the letter ח in Es. 1:6.
The spaces between the subsequent lines are 5 mm high.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Hallmark
Condition
Possibly, the manuscript lacks its opening section. The sheets are crumpled, the text is faded in many places or losses in the text – the holes visible in several places of the parchment sheets. In many places only remains after the letters are visible. The text on the 4th sheet is very well preserved, also on the 6th the text is relatively well preserved. Is it common that only one component of the letter is well preserved and all others are slightly visible. The beginning of the scroll is seriously damaged.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Description

The scroll is decorated with a hand-painted border. The text columns are written within the panels framed with red lines. Upper margins are adorned with different floral motifs (usually with three or four flowers) alternating with three small bouquets of flowers placed side by side. The sections of the decoration are separated with crowns decorated with ostrich (?) feathers. Below them, in the spaces between the text panels appearing cherubim with their wings down. Their wigs are alternately painted yellow or violet. They seem to hold a ribbon from which are suspending garlands made of flowers, grapes, and perhaps other fruits. Below the garlands, columns narrowing upwards topped with a crown are standing; their bases in the lower margins are placed. They separate garlands made of colorful flowers (daffodils, tulips, roses, and carnations) and fruits pinned up on draped fabrics, appearing alternately with acanthus leaves. The same pattern repeats along the entire length of the scroll, however, individuals the segments differ from each other, but only to a small extent. The decoration of the scroll includes the only narrative scene from the Book of Esther - ten sons of Haman hanged on the gallows that is incorporated col. 17 in which their names are listed. The very end of the scroll is not decorated.

Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 6 sheets containing 20 text columns with 19 lines, except for col. 17 with 11 lines divided into two parts.

The text is inscribed in the Hebrew "Amsterdam" square script with tagim, in black ink with brown shades, on the flesh side of the parchment membranes that are very thin and bright. The side of text and decoration is smoother and the other one rather suede but both sides of the sheets are still rather similar.  

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) is highlighted by its size (it is bigger than an average letter in the scroll and bolded) and form (it is formed of two parts joined with a roof and every of three elements is decorated with three tagim). The letter ת (Es. 9:29) is enlarged and bolded. Other enlarged and diminished letters are included in col. 17.

The letters פ are written as פ''א לפופה.

The left arm of the letter ע in the final word of the Megillah is elongated.

The text included relatively few elongated letters because the spaces between the subsequent words were left bigger or smaller.

The ruling is slightly visible but originally it was made and contained both - upper and lower - lines marked with a stylus along with the sheets. 

The membranes are stitched.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

The last part of the 6th membrane that is ca. 35 mm wide is blank and strongly rolled which makes accurate measurement difficult.

The paints on the 2nd sheet are a bit different, e.g. yellow color is much brighter and delicate. 

The decoration was sketched in pencil.

History/Provenance
Previous numbers are visible on the scroll: 3074 and B-404.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Kalendarz żydowski 1986–1987 [Jewish Calendar 1986-1987], Warsaw 1986, p. 32, interleaves after pp. 144 and 160 (short description and images).

Dagmara Budzioch, Dekorowane zwoje Estery z Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego w Warszawie na tle tradycji dekorowania megillot Ester w XVII i XVIII wieku. Zarys problematyki [The Decorated Esther Scrolls from the Museum of the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw and the Tradition of Megillot Esther Decoration in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries – An Outline], Warsaw 2019, 1:294-300, 2:1-10.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Researcher
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
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