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Obj. ID: 42640
Memorials
  Holocaust Memorial Plaque on the Great Synagogue in Lutsk, Ukraine, 1995

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Kravtsov, Sergey, 2011

Who is Commemorated?

Jews of the Lutsk Ghetto, killed in 1942

Description

A memorial plaque is set up on the southwestern wall of the former synagogue. It represents a Jew lamenting toward the sky; a Star of David is sculptured above his head. The text in Ukrainian and Hebrew placed on a triangular background, is identical.

Inscription

Ukrainian: 

Головна си-
нагога зве-
дена за при-
вілеєм коро-
ля Сигізмун-
да ІІІ старання-
ми багаточисель-
ної єврейської гр
омади міста Луць
ка на початку XVII
ст. Осередок єврей-
ської духовності,
освіти і культури на Во-
лині. Визначна пам'ят-
ка архітектури серед-
ньовіччя, а також пам’я
ть про десятки тисяч єв
реїв Луцького гетто зни-
щених фашистами в 1942 р.

 

Hebrew: 

בית הכנסת
הגדול בלוצק
בית הכנסת הגדול אשר הוקם
לפי פריווילגיה
של המלך זיגיזמונד
השלישי והודות
לשתדלנותה של
הקהילה היהודית
הנכבדה של העיר לוצק
בתחילת המאה ה-17.
מרכז רוחני, חינוכי ותרבותי
של יהדות ווהלין. שריד
ארכיטקטוני בולט מימי
הביניים, וכן יד לזכרם של
עשרות אלפי היהודים מגטו
לוצק אשר הושמדו על-ידי
הנאצים בשנת 1942.

Translation: The Great Synagogue was built according to the privilege of King Sigismund III thanks to the efforts of the large Jewish community of Lutsk in the early seventeenth century. It was a spiritual, educational, and cultural center of Volhynian Jewry. It is an important remnant of medieval architecture, as well as a memory to tens of thousands of Jews of the Lutsk ghetto, killed by the Nazis in 1942.

Commissioned by

Jewish community of Lutsk

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

4 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust Memorial Plaque on the Great Synagogue in Lutsk | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Synagogue (former)
{"11":"A Holocaust memorial permanently installed at\/in the building of a former synagogue."}
Date
1995
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Ukraine | Volynska obl. | Lutsk (Луцьк)
| 33 Karaimska St./Danyla Halytskoho 33
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Material / Technique
Metal
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
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Material Cloth
Material Lining
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Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
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Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
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Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
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Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
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Group
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Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The Great Synagogue of Lutsk was built in 1626-1629 and functioned until the Holocaust.

On December 11-12, 1941, the approximately 19,000 Jews of Lutsk were concentrated in a ghetto that had been set up on the territory of the old town and some parts of the poor Jewish neighborhood of Gnidawa. On August 20-23, 1942, between 15,000 and 17,000 Jews from the ghetto were shot to death at Gurka Polonka outside the city.

The plaque was created in 1995.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Kravtsov, Sergey and Vladimir Levin. Synagogues in Ukraine: Volhynia (Jerusalem: Zalman Shazar Center and the Center for Jewish Art, 2017), 411-413, 436.

"Luck,"
Untold Stories - Murder Sites of Jews in Occupied Territories of the USSR (Yad Vashem project), https://www.yadvashem.org/untoldstories/database/index.asp?cid=815.
Type
Documenter
Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin | 2011
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2021
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: