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Obj. ID: 40407
Memorials
  Plaque in memory of Jewish young partisans and all Holocaust victims in the staircase of the Synagogue in Split, Croatia, 1961

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 7.2021

Memorial Name

No official name

Who is Commemorated?

Jewish youth of Split who was killed fighting in Tito’s partisan units and all members of the Split community victims of the holocaust, especially the president Viktor Morpurgo. 

Description:

This memorial plaque is a white stone slab, with large bolts holding it to the wall, and supported by two brackets of the same material. The plaque is inscribed with dedicatory inscriptions, at the top in Hebrew and at the bottom in Croatian, with three columns of Holocaust victims' names featuring in the center of the plaque. 

Inscription

Hebrew

לזכרון בני הנוער היהודי של ספליט
שנתנו חייהם במלחמת השחרור ביחידות
הפרטיזנים של טיטו ולזכרון כל אנשי הקהילה
בראשם אינג ויקטור מורפורגו קרבנות
הפשיזם בשנים 1945 – 1941.

הקהילה היהודית
ספליט

Translation: In memory of the Jewish youth of Split that gave their lives in the war of independence in the partisan units of Tito and in memory of all people of the community and Ing. Viktor Morpurgo in their head, victims of Fascism in the year 1941 – 1945.

The Jewish community of Split

Croatian:

Jevreji – omladinci – Splita
koji su dali živote u borbi za slobodu
u Titovim partizanskim redovima

[List of 24 names]

Ova spomen-ploča je isto tako posvećena
i uspomeni na sve članove ove općine
na celu sa predsjednikom ing. Viktor Morpurgo
koji su kao žrtve fašizma
izgubili svoje živote 1941. – 1945. g.

Jevrejska općina Split
Septembra 1961 g.

Translation: Jews - youth - of Split / who gave their lives in the fight for freedom / in Tito's partisan ranks.

This commemorative plaque is also dedicated / to the memory of all the members of this community, / especially the president, Ing. Viktor Morpurgo, / who lost their lives as victims of fascism in 1941-1945.

The Jewish community of Split, September 1961.

Commissioned by

The Jewish community of Split

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

3 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Plaque in memory of Jewish young partisans and all Holocaust victims in the staircase of the Synagogue in Split | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Synagogue (active)
{"10":"Any immovable marker or memorial that specifically references the Holocaust."}
Date
1961
Active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Croatia | Dalmatia | Split
| 1, Židovski prolaz (Jewish path)
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Stone
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

According to the inscription, the plaque was unveiled in September 1961.

According to the documentation made by Zusia Efron in 1964, this plaque was situated in the prayer hall, in the left side of the eastern wall (see here). 

It is not clear when this plaque was moved to the staircase, to be replaced by another plaque hanging at the same place (see here).

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources
Type
Documenter
Vladimir Levin, Ekaterina Oleshkevich | 2021
Author of description
Adam Frisch, Vladimir Levin | 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
Keller Foundation | 2021
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: