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Obj. ID: 9372
Memorials
  Holocaust Monument at the Killing Site in Molodechno, Belarus, 1961

© Vladimir Levin, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 2010

Memorial name:

No official name. 

Who is commemorated?

Jews of Molodechno shot to death by the Nazis in 1941-1945. 

Description:

The monument is shaped like an upright stele standing on a concrete podium. It is painted in a bright blue color. 

There are two plaques on the monument. The upper plaque has a dedication text while another (a modern one) indicates that the present monument stands at the military burial site protected by law.  

The two metal screws stick out from the stele identifying the spot. where once another plaque was affixed. It was installed in 1990x. Yiddish text was written on it [Tamara Vershitskaya, "Molodechno'" in Kholokost na territorii SSSR, ed. Il'ya, Al'tman (Moskva: ROSSPEN, 2011), p. 616]

The surrounding territory of the monument is well-maintained and resembles a small alley. 

Inscriptions:

On the upper plaque, in Russian:

В память мирных
граждан города
Молодечно, расстрелянных
фашистами в годы
Великой Отечественной 
войны 1941-1945 годы 

Translation: In memory of the Molodechno civilians shot to death by the Nazis during the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945.

On the lower plaque, in Belarusian:

Рзспублiка Беларусь

Воiнскае пахаванне

Прычыненне шкоды
караецца па
закону

6600

Translation: The Republic of Belarus / The military burial site / Infliction of harm / is punishable by law / 6600.

Commissioned by

Unknown

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

8 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust Monument at the Killing Site in Molodechno | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1961
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
1975
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Concrete, metal.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The monument is situated 1.5 km from Molodechno, near the Molodechno-Vileiika Road. 

It stands on the mass grave of 600 Jews, who were shot to death at the end of 1941 and in October 1942. However, there is no any mention of Jews in the dedicative plaque's text. 

The monument was reconstructed in 1975 [Tamara Vershitskaya, "Molodechno'" in Kholokost na territorii SSSR, ed. Il'ya, Al'tman (Moskva: ROSSPEN, 2011), p. 616].

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Tamara Vershitskaya, "Molodechno'" in Kholokost na territorii SSSR, ed. Il'ya, Al'tman (Moskva: ROSSPEN, 2011), 616
Type
Documenter
Vladimir Levin | 2010
Author of description
Liza Schwartz | 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: