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Obj. ID: 52456
Memorials
  Holocaust Memorial Plaque on the Zeilen (Säulen) Synagogue in Riga, Latvia, 1990s

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Kravtsov, Sergey, 2007

Memorial Name

No official name

Who is Commemorated?

Jews burnt alive in the Zeilen Shul

Description:

A granite plaque with Latvian and Hebrew inscriptions is affixed to the street facade of the former Zeilen Shul, on the left side of the main entrance.

Inscription:

Latvian

Synagogas nams
uzcelts 1906. gadā.
1941.g. 4.jūlijā nacisti
tajā sadedzināja
dzīvus simtiem ebreju.

Translation: The synagogue building was built in 1906. On July 4, 1941, the Nazis burned hundreds of Jews alive there.

Hebrew

בית כנסת זה
"זיילן שול" הוקם
בשנת תרסו. ט' תמוז
תש"א נשרפו בו על
קידוש השם ע"י הנאצים
ימ"ש מאות יהודים. הי"ד

Translation: The synagogue “Zeilen Shul” was established in 1906. On the 9 of Tammuz 1941 hundreds of Jews, may God avenge their blood, were burnt within for sanctification of God’s name by the Nazis, may their names be obliterated.

Commissioned by

The Jewish community of Riga (?)

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

2 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust Memorial Plaque on the Zeilen (Säulen) Synagogue in Riga | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Synagogue (former)
{"11":"A Holocaust memorial permanently installed at\/in the building of a former synagogue."}
Date
1990s
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Latvia | Vidzeme | Riga (Rīga)
| 63 Stabu St.
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Granite
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

In the first days of July 1941, the Zeilen Shul on 63 Stabu St. was used as a collection point for Jews arrested in the nearby houses. The synagogue was put on fire on July 4, 1941, together with the Jews.

The plaque was probably installed in the 1990s, after the reestablishment of Latvian independence. 

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"Holocaust Memorial Places in Latvia," a website by the Center for Judaic Studies at the University of Latvia, http://memorialplaces.lu.lv/memorial-places/riga-and-riga-district/riga-stabu-street-63/.

Meler, Meyer, Jewish Latvia: Sites to Remember (Tel-Aviv: Association of Latvian and Estonian Jews in Israel, 2013), p. 305.

Meler, Meyer, Mesta nashei pamiati: Evreiskie obshchiny Latvii, unichtozhennye v Kholokoste (Riga: by the author, 2010), p. 330.
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: