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Obj. ID: 44774
Memorials
  Holocaust Memorial Plaque in Kal Kadosh Shalom Synagogue in Rhodes, Greece, 1969

© Samuel D. Gruber, Photographer: Gruber, Samuel D., 2022

Who is Commemorated?

Jewish victims of the Holocaust from Rhodes and Kos

Description

A rectangular marble plaque is affixed to the wall on the right of the west entrance of the synagogue. A dedicatory in French in followed by the family names of the murdered Jewish of Rhodes and Kos. 

Inscriptions

EN MEMOIRE
DES DEUX MILLE MARTYRS DE LA COMMUNAUTE
JUIVE DE RHODES ET COS
BRUTALEMENT ANEANTIS PAR LES MEURTRIERS
NAZIS DANS LES CAMPS DE
CONCENTRATION EN ALLEMAGNE 1944-1945
QUE LEUR AME REPOSE EN PAIX.

TranslationOf the two thousand martyrs of the Jewish community of Rhodes and Cos brutally annihilated by the murderous Nazis in the Concentration Camps in Germany 1944-1945 May their soul(s) rest in peace. // [Names follow here]

A LA MEMOIRE DE MON PERE ASCHER MA MERE
SAROTA, MON FRERE JACQUES ET MA SOEUR FLORE
AVEC SON MARI M. LEVI TOUS DEUX DEPORTES
YEDID CHARHON 1969.

TranslationTo the memory of my father Ascher my mother Sarota, my brother Jacques (James, Jacob) and my sister Flore (Flora) with her husband Mr. Levi both deported Yedid Charmon 1969 

Commissioned by

Yedid Charhon family

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

5 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust Memorial Plaque in Kal Kadosh Shalom Synagogue in Rhodes | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Synagogue (active)
{"10":"Any immovable marker or memorial that specifically references the Holocaust."}
Date
1969
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
marble
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
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Material Cloth
Material Lining
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Measurements
160 cm high x 100 cm wide
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Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
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Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
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Façade (main)
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Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
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Colophon
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Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The Kahal Shalom is the oldest intact and functioning synagogue in Greece and the only remaining synagogue on the Island of Rhodes where there were once six synagogues and prayer halls in the Jewish Quarter (called “La Juderia”). The Kahal Shalom is believed to have been built in 1577. It is still used occasionally for prayer services when visitors or former residents and their families visit the Island for Friday night prayer services, High Holiday services and for special occasions, and is open to the public most day as a historic monument.

The Jews of Rhodes and Kos were deported to Auschwitz in late July 1944. Many died along the way during a long and harrowing journey. The rest met their deaths immediately by gas, or over a longer period as slave laborers.

This memorial was the first to be erected at the synagogue. A larger memorial was built at that Jewish cemetery in 1949. A more public monument in the old Jewish quarter was dedicated in 2002.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

For a detailed report on the German occupation, see
”German Occupation – Holocaust,” The Jewish Community of Rhodes website , https://jewishrhodes.org/german-occupation-holocaust/ (accessed October 18, 2022)

Hasson, Aron, A Guidebook to the Jewish Quarter of Rhodes (Los Angeles, CA: Rhodes Jewish Historical Foundation, 2012) 
Type
Documenter
Samuel D. Gruber | May 12. 2022
Author of description
Samuel D. Gruber | 2022
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: