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Obj. ID: 44613
Memorials
  Monument to Jews Killed in War and National Resistance at the Synagogue in Volos, Greece, 2015
To the main object: Synagogue in Volos, Greece

© Samuel D. Gruber, Photographer: Gruber, Samuel D., 2022

Name

Monument to Jews Killed in War and National Resistance

Who is Commemorated?

Jewish soldiers killed fighting against Italians and Germans

Description

The monument consists of two mazevah-type steles set next to each other in the courtyard of the synagogue, to the left of the building entrance. The smaller stone is titled back at an angle and rests against a hidden stone support, making the inscription more legible, but exposing it more to the elements. The stele has an unusual curved top edge. Inscribed on the front are the names, written in Greek, of nine soldiers and Resistance fighters from the Volos Jewish community killed in battle against the Italians and the Germans.

To the right of this is a larger thicker stone of white marble with a smooth front and rough edges. The top of the stone is cut with a deep U-shaped indentation into which is set a bronze 7-branch menorah. In the center of the stone face is a raised bronze relief of a dove holding an olive branch. Slightly above the dove and to each side of the menorah is an inscribed Magen David.  Below the dove are cut three recessed panels, which are set in three lines, in Hebrew, the words of the prayer Shema.

Inscriptions

On smaller stele:

ΤΙΜΗ και ΔΟΞΑ

ΣΤΟΥΣ ΠΕΣΟΝΤΕΣ ΥΠΕΡ ΠΑΤΡΙΔΟΣ

ΙΩΣΗΦ ΑΜΑΡ

ΜΩΥΣΗΣ Σ. ΚΟΕΝ

ΑΝΣΕΛΜΟΣ χαιμ ΜΟΥΡΤΖΟΥΚΟΣ

ΑΒΡΑΑΜ Γεουδα ΚΟΕΝ

ΣΑΒΒΑΣ Σαμ. ΤΑΡΑΜΠΟΥΛΟΥΣ

ΛΕΩΝ Ισαακ ΣΑΚΚΗΣ

ΣΑΒΒΑΣ Σέμου ΙΑΚΩΒΟΥ

ΜΩΥΣΗΣ Ηλία ΙΕΣΟΥΛΑΣ

ΧΡΥΣΟΥΛΑ Σαλώμ ΦΕΛΟΥΣ

TranslationHONOR and GLORY / TO THE FALLEN FOR THE FATHERLAND / IOSIF AMAR / MOYSIS S. KOEN / ANSELMOS Chaim MOURTZOUKOS / AVRAAM Geouda KOEN / SAVVAS Sam. TARAMPOULOUS / LEON Isaak SAKKIS / SAVVAS Sémou IAKOVOU / MOYSIS Ilía IESOULAS / CHRYSOULA Salóm FELO

On larger stele,  the words of the prayer Shema, in Hebrew:

שמע ישראל
יהוה אלהינו
יהוה אחד

TranslationHear, Israel / Adonai is our God / Adonai is One

Commissioned by

Jewish Community of Volos

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

14 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Monument to Jews Killed in War and National Resistance at the Synagogue in Volos | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Synagogue (active)
{"10":"Any immovable marker or memorial that specifically references the Holocaust."}
Date
2015
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Greece | Thessaly Region | Volos (Βόλος)
| Synagogue (courtyard), Moiseos 11 (intersection with Platonos and Xenofontos streets)
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Material / Technique
Stone (marble?)
bronze
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The monument was unveiled on October 23, 2015. It commemorates the lives of nine soldiers and Resistance fighters from the Volos Jewish community who were killed in battle against the Italians and the Germans.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Jewish Community of Volos: A Brief Historical Overview. Volos: The Jewish Community of Volos, 2018.
Type
Documenter
Samuel D. Gruber | May 20, 2022
Author of description
Samuel D. Gruber | 2023
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: