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Obj. ID: 42731
Modern Jewish Art
  The Monument of Salvation in Tel Aviv, Israel

© Vladimir Levin, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 2021

Who is Commemorated?

 Bulgarians, who protected the Jews from deportation in 1943

Description

The monument is placed near the seashore, behind the Etzel Museum.

The sculpture represents two bending and hugging human figures, male and female, protecting the Star of David. Both figures “grow” from the same base and their form resembles a heart.

Identical inscriptions in Hebrew and English are written on a bronze plaque on the right of the monument. Their text is a copy of the inscription at the monument in Sofia.

Inscription

The inscriptions in Hebrew and English is identical and read:

אנדרטת ההצלה

באביב 1943 נמנע גירושם של יותר מ-48,000 מיהודי בולגריה
למחנות ההשמדה הנאציים הודות למאבקם של חברי פרלמנט,
מנהיגי הכנסייה האורתודוקסית הבולגרית, אישי ציבור,
אנשי רוח ואחרים.

אנדרטה זו מוקמת להנצחת מבצע ההצלה יוצא הדופן ולזכרם
של יותר מ-11,000 יהודים שחיו בצפון יוון ובשטחי יוגוסלביה
לשעבר תחת שלטון בולגריה, אשר נרצחו במחנה
ההשמדה טרבלינקה.

 The Monument of Salvation

In the Spring of 1943, thanks to the efforts of members of
the Parlament, leaders of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church,
public figures, intellectuals and others, the deportation to
Nazi death camps and the physical annihilation of more
than 48,000 Bulgarian Jews was prevented.

We recall this outstanding rescue and remember more
than 11,000 Jews from both Northern Greece and parts of
ex-Yugoslavia, under Bulgarian administration, who were
deported and murdered in the Treblinka death camp.  

Commissioned by:

The government of Bulgaria

3 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
The Monument of Salvation in Tel Aviv | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Public park
{"9":"Any memorial erected or installed in a present-day public park, including Jewish cemeteries or other sites now operated as public space."}
Date
2018
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Tsvetkov, Momchil (sculptor)
(Unknown)
{"3759":"Bulgarian, b. 1960"}
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Israel | Tel Aviv (תל אביב)
| Charles Clore Park
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Bronze
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The idea to commemorate the salvation of Bulgarian Jews through two identical monuments, in Sofia and Tel Aviv, appeared in connection to the celebrations of the 70th anniversary of the salvation in 2013. The Bulgarian government allocated 150,000 Levs to mark the anniversary, including the construction of two monuments.

The monument is Sofia was unveiled on July 7, 2016, during the visit of Israeli President Reuven Rivlin. The monument in Tel Aviv was unveiled on September 5, 2018, during the visit of Bulgarian Prime Minister Boiko Borisov. The Star of David in the Tel Aviv version is made smaller, according to the recommendation of the Tel Aviv Commission on Monuments.

The monument is installed in Jaffa, where a large community of Bulgarian Jews settled in the 1950s.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

"Chvetkov, Muchil, andartat ha-hatsalah, 2018, bronza, park charles clore," Site of Tel Aviv Jaffa Municipality., https://www.tel-aviv.gov.il/Pages/MainItemPage.aspx?WebID=3af57d92-807c-43c5-8d5f-6fd455eb2776&ListID=81e17809-311d-4bba-9bf1-2363bb9debcd&ItemID=660 (accessed January 3, 2022)

"Otkrivat v Tel Aviv ekvivalent na pametnika za spasenieto na b'lgarskite evrei v Sofiia," Alef: Tsent'r za evreisko-b'lgarsko s'trudnichestvo. September 3, 2018., http://alef-bg.org/откриват-в-тел-авив-еквивалент-на-паме/ (accessed January 3, 2022)

"Pametnik na spasenieto," Regist'r na pametnitsite v Sofiia, https://registersofia.bg/index.php?view=monument&option=com_monuments&formdata[id]=1065&Itemid=140 (accessed January 3, 2022)
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Vladimir Levin | 2021
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2022
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.