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Obj. ID: 37290
Jewish printed books
  Sheelot u-Teshuvot from Shlomo ben Menachem Kaboli, Istanbul, 1575

© Gross Family Collection, Photographer: Unknown,

This text was prepared by William Gross:

This is the first edition of the She'elot ve-Teshuvot from Shlomo ben Menachem Kaboli. The second edition was published in Prague in 1590. It was published by Eliezer ben Isaac Ashkenazi, an itinerant printer who plied his trade for several decades in the second half of the sixteenth century in eastern Europe and the Middle East. Active in Lublin, Constantinople, and Safed, Eliezer was the first to print books in Erez Israel. In Safed, Eliezer printed Lekah Tov (1577), which was not only the first book to be printed in the Middle East, but is also the first book printed in Asia, excluding Chinese imprints. He printed two additional works before returning briefly to Constantinople and then, in 1587, again in Safed, resumed printing, issuing three more titles. It is assumed that he died shortly afterwards, perhaps due to an epidemic in Safed. It would be two hundred forty-five years before another book would be printed in Safed.
Ashkenazi's ability to move between and function in these disparate locations is an example of the fluidity of contemporary Jewish society. His motivation in relocating reflects both the political and economic reality of sixteenth-century Jewish life as well as Eliezer's personal circumstances. The wide spectrum of the books he printed reflects the diverse interests and needs of these Jewish communities, encompassing Talmudic treatises, Kabbalistic commentaries, and poetry.
(Based on MARVIN J. HELLER, "Early Hebrew Printing from Lublin to Safed: The Journeys of Eliezer ben Isaac Ashkenazi," Jewish Culture and History, 4:1, 81-96, DOI: 10.1080/1462169X.2001.10511954)

The frontispiece is the same as the one Ashkenazi used for the first book printed in Safed. It must have traveled with him from Constantinople to the Holy City. 

6 image(s)

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Name/Title
Sheelot u-Teshuvot from Shlomo ben Menachem Kaboli | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1575
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Paper, Ink, Letterpress, Woodcut, Signature
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
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Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
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Height
21 cm
Length
Width
14.7 cm
Depth
1.3 cm
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Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
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Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
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Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Coordinates: 0.000000, 0.000000
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
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Façade (main)
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Direction Toward Jerusalem
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Group
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Negative/Photo. No.