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Obj. ID: 35339
Jewish printed books
  Tikkun Sofrim, Amsterdam, 1666

© Gross Family Collection, Photographer: Unknown,

The following description was prepared by William Gross:

In 1666 there was a great commotion in the Jewish world as a man, Shabbetai Tzvi, a Sephardic Rabbi and kabbalist born in Smyrna, proclaimed himself to be the messiah. With all the terrible troubles that beset the Jewish people in the middle of the 17th century, the hope that he was the true messiah took root. Many Jews enthusiastically embraced him, and began to prepare for the End of Days. When, in 1667, he converted to Islam rather than face martyrdom, the disappointment and shame of those who had believed in this false messiah was palpable.
The phrase on the closing page of this Bible, "Chazak u-Nitchazek" ["be strong and we will be strengthened"] was a popular cry of the Sabbatean messianic movement at the time, and thus hints at the Sabbatean leanings of the book’s publisher.
The title page, printed with woodcuts of biblical stories, was beautifully hand-colored and gilded at the time of its production. At its top are four crowns, clearly labeled: the Crown of Torah, the Crown of Priesthood, the Crown of Kingship, and a rare addition: the Crown of "Good Name". The book is bound in a fine contemporary leather binding with gold tooling. The quality and ornateness of both the volume and its cover exemplify the type of objects demanded by the wealthy and successful Sephardic community in Amsterdam at this time.
David de Castro Tartas, active from 1662 - 1698, published close to 70 books in Hebrew and a number in other languages, primarily Spanish. He was the son of conversos who came to Amsterdam in 1640 via France where they returned to their ancestral faith. His brother Isaac, having gone to Racife and Bahia, was burned at an auto-de-fe in 1647, refusing to abjure his faith. David learned the printer's craft at the press of Menasseh Ben Israel, working there as a compositor. In 1662 he established his own press, in competition with the already-active presses of Uri Phoebus and Joseph Athias.
457 pp.
Editor: Michael Yehudah Leon; Brought to Press by: Shmuel ben Yitzhak Baruch Roza

22 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Tikkun Sofrim | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1666
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Paper, Ink, Gouache, Gold Paint, Letterpress, Engraving, Painted
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
14.8 cm
Length
Width
9.5 cm
Depth
4.8 cm
Circumference
Thickness
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Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
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Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
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Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Negative/Photo. No.