Under Reconstruction!
Object Alone

Obj. ID: 21010
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger's 11th Miscellany on the Kabbalah, Venice, c.1551

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,

34 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Fugger's Eleventh Venetian Miscellany on the Kabbalah | Unknown
Object Detail
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Community type
Unknown |
Unknown |
Period Detail
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 56 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 56)
Documentation / Research project
Paper, 1 + 409 + 1 leaves.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Construction material
Full page: (341-342) x (243-244) mm.
Text space: Meir: (236-239) x (137-139) mm.
Mendel: (237-238) x (139-142) mm.
Yishai ben Yehiel: (238-240) x (137-139) mm.
Ezra of Fano: (237-238) x (137-140) mm.
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not used.
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Type of grave
Meir (Scribe A*): fols. 1-18v (line 19), 152, 239-348v in brown ink. Mendel (Scribe B): fols. 18v (line 20)-42, 43v-44 (line 17), 46v-60v, 153-238 in dark brown ink. Scribe 13** (Interpolator A*): fols. 42v-43, 44 (from line 18)-45 (line 8) in dark brown ink. Interpolator 8** (Interpolator B): fols. 45 (from line 9)-46 in dark brown ink. Yishai ben Yehiel (Scribe C): fols. 61-151 in dark brown ink. Anonymous scribe of the titles: fol. 349. Ezra of Fano (Scribe D): fols. 350-406. Each scribe proofread his own section of the text. * The letters A, B, etc. denote the order of copying by the main scribes and interpolators in this manuscript. ** Running numbers (Scribe 1, 2, etc.) denote anonymous main scribes and interpolators throughout the entire group of Fugger’s Venetian manuscripts. Scribes identified by name are not numbered.
The main text is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi (Meir, Mendel, Yishai) and Italian (Ezra) script.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 30 lines per page, mainly in one column .
Ruling by stylus: 30 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines, e.g. fol. 253.
51 quires of 10 and 8 leaves each, except for XVIII6, XIX6, XX10-1, XXI6, XXII4, XXVII8-1, XLIV6. Quire composition: I10 (1-10); II10 (11-20); III10 (21-30); IV10 (31-40); V10 (41-50); VI10 (51-60); VII8 (60a-67); VIII8 (68-75); IX8 (76-83); X8 (84-91); XI8 (92-99); XII8 (100-107); XIII8 (108-115); XIV8 (116-123); XV8 (124-131); XVI8 (132-139); XVII8 (140-147); XVIII6 (148-151b); XIX6 (152-157); XX10-1 (158-166; first leaf is cut out, no text missing); XXI6 (167-172); XXII4 (173-176); XXIII8 (177-184); XXIV8 (185-192); XXV8 (193-200); XXVI8 (201-208); XXVII8-1 (209-215); XXVIII8 (216-223); XXIX8 (224-231); XXX8 (232-238a); XXXI8 (239-246); XXXII8 (247-254); XXXIII8 (255-262); XXXIV8 (263-270); XXXV8 (271-278); XXXVI8 (279-286); XXXVII8 (287-294); XXXVIII8 (295-302); XXXIX8 (303-310); XL8 (311-318); XLI8 (319-326); XLII8 (327-334); XLIII8 (335-342); XLIV6 (343-348); XLV8 (349-356); XLVI8 (357-364); XLVII8 (365-372); XLVIII8 (373-380); XLIX8 (381-388); L8 (389-396); LI8 (397-406).
Catchwords for leaves are written horizontally at the left below the text in semi-cursive script; they are surmounted by a V (Meir and Yishai) or two dots (Ezra).
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Fols. 1v, 60a-60a verso, 151v, 151a-151a verso, 151b-151b verso, 152v, 238v, 238a-238a verso, 239v, 349v, 406v.
Façade (main)
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Scribal Notes
Watermarks: 'A' in the outer corner of the folio (27 mm; e.g. fols. 8, 12, 17) or 'A' with a curl on its right in
the outer corner of the folio. Counter mark: 'B' between the tips of two crossed arrows forming an X at the centre of the folio (66 mm; fols. 1 and 151, 151a, 152): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Flèche 35 and 41 (1550, 1547); a trefoil flower between 'P' and '3' in the outer corner of the folio (32 mm; e.g. fols. 360, 362): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Lettres 75 (Venice, 1548, 1550); a star above an anchor within a circle at the centre of the folio (65 mm; fol. 406): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Ancre 24-31 (Venice, 1556).
Trade Mark

Dark green leather on wooden boards (343 x234 mm); gold-tooled with a central roundel on the front and a shield on the back cover within an undulating lozenge in a large rectangle, decorated with floral motifs at the centre of each side and at the corners. The front roundel is inscribed פירושים, and below are the letters GGGG (the same shelfmark is impressed on Cod.hebr. 57). The spine, blind-tooled with hatching, has four hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the edges of the front cover are vestiges of four groups of three plaited leather bands, two on the side and one each on the upper and lower edges, with corresponding holes for four nails on the edges of the back cover (for preserved bands see Cod.hebr. 301). Each group of three bands terminated in a ring intended to hook over the nails in the opposite cover. The leaves are gilt-edged.


This binding was made for Fugger by the 'Fugger Binder' in Venice(Hobson 1999:19-129). Similar bindings in BSB: e.g. Cod.hebr. 7, 8, 26, 31, 35, 44, 45, 50, 57, 60, Ahebr. 278 and Cod.gr. 14.


Watermarks on flyleaves: none.

Decoration Program


  1. Title page written in display script decorated with scrolls and human heads by Meir (fol. 239).
  2. Decorative titles and initial words by Mendel (fols. 1, 152, 153, 157v).
  3. Ribbon-shaped initial letters by Meir (e.g. fols. 13, 16v, 17v).
  4. Human profiles, animals and other decorative motifs in the margins by Meir (fols. 240, 242, 242v, 246v, 251, 252, 258v, 260v, 262v, 263, 287, 288, 288v, 299v, 302v, 303, 305, 311, 317v, 318, 318v, 326v, 330v, 341v, 345, 346v).      
Summary and Remarks

Meir appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 7, 8, 11, 15, 23, 26, 27, 29, 31, 39, 44, 47, 49, 50, 54, 58, 59; Mendel in BSB Cod.hebr. 30, 53; Yishai ben Yehiel in BSB Cod.hebr. 7, 10, 19, 26, 28, 30, 31, 33, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 50, 52, 58, 62, 64, 68; Ezra of Fano in BSB Cod.hebr. 8, 9, 26, 31, 35, 57; and Scribe13 inBSB Cod.hebr. 18, 30.


The manuscript was copied fromMunich, BSB Cod.hebr. 341, which belonged to Domenico Grimani and later to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter, and from Cod.hebr. 357 (No. 19), which also belonged to Domenico Grimani.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
Owners' inscriptions: None. Inscriptions of librarians and researchers: The numbers given to the texts by Fugger’s librarians do not correspond to their actual number in this manuscript. N0 1: fols. 1-60v; N0 2: fols. 61-151; N0 3: fols. 152-238; N0 4: fols. 239-348v; N0 5: fols. 349-406. Fol. 1v: contents in Hebrew in brown ink by Librarian 1a, except for a few words: ביאור פירוש סודות התורה חבר הר"ר/ משה בר' נחמן ז"ל ביארו רבי שם טוב/ בן גאון נ"ע מפי רבי שלמה בן אדרת/ נוצר אמונים נ"ע [עניין ספר הברית (Librarian 3)]/ פירוש על שיר השירים/ פירוש על עשרים וששה/ פרקים להרמבן. Below, on the left by Librarian 1a: Bior perusch sodos hathora hauer hara ribi\ Moshae bar nahaeman sal biero rebi schem thof\ baen gaon noa mipi rebi schlama baen adaeraes.\ [Inian sephaer habris (Librarian 3)]\ Perusch al schir haschirim\ Perusch al Esrim veschischa\ Perakim leharamban. On the right by Librarian 3: Rabi Mosis F. Nahaeman in misteria\ legis commentarius. Cum expositione Rabi Schem Toff. Gaon super commentarius. Mosis exore\ R. Salomonis filij Adaeres scripta.\ Inian sephaer habris Liber testamenti\ vel faederis explicans mysteria legis Mosaciae.\ Schir hasch(irim) id est in cantica canticorum.\ Rambani exposition XXVI locorum biblicorum. Front pastedown, on the exlibris in plummet: contents of the manuscript in German. Exlibris and stamps: Front pastedown: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (227 x 155 mm) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab), stuck over his earlier exlibris (175 x 135 mm) of 1618, before he became Elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972:A3a-f). On fols. 1 and 406v there is a 20th-century oval stamp of the BSB: BIBLIOTHECA\ REGIA\ MONACENSIS. Old signatures: Back cover, upper part in black ink: Stat. (?) (second signature of Fugger's library). Front cover, lower part in black ink: 2 n0 29 (Duke's library, Prommer's signature). Front cover pastedown, upper right corner: MS. Hebr. 51. Stickers on the spine and back pastedown: Cod.hebr. 56 (current signature). On exlibris in plummet: Cod.hebr. 56 (current signature).
Main Surveys & Excavations
Dressler 1972 F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972. Gottlieb 1976 א' גוטליב, "הקבלה בכתבי ר' יוסף ג'קטילה ובספר 'מערכת האלהות'," מחקרים בספרות הקבלה, תל אביב תשל"ו (E. Gottlieb, "Kabbalah in the Writings of R. Joseph Gikatilla and in the 'Ma'arekhet ha-Elohut'," Mehkarim be-Safrut ha-Kabbalah, Tel Aviv 1976:257-343). Harlfinger 1974-80 D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin 1974-1980. Hobson 1999 A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings, Cambridge 1999. Idel 1998 מ' אידל, ר' מנחם ריקנטי המקובל א, ירושלים תשנ"ח (M. Idel, R. Menachem Recanati the Kabbalist I, Jerusalem 1998). Kedar 1972 ב"ז קדר, "לתולדות היישוב היהודי בירושלים במאה הי"ג", תרביץ מא (תשל"ב):82-94 (B. Z. Kedar, "Jewish Settlement in Jerusalem in the 13th Century", Tarbiz 41 (1972):82-94). Kedar 1979 ב"ז קדר, פרקים בתולדות ירושלים בימי הביניים, ירושלים תשל"ט (B. Z. Kedar, Chapters in the History of Jerusalem in the Middle Ages, Jerusalem 1979). Ravitzky 1970 י' רביצקי, פירוש למגילת שיר השירים – החלק הפילוסופי: ר' עמנואל ב"ר שלמה מעיר רומי, ירושלים תש"ל (I. Ravitzky, Commentary on Song of Songs by R. Emanuel ben Shlomo of Rome, Jerusalem 1970). Salfeld 1879 S. Salfeld, "Das Hohelied bei den jüdischen Erklärern des Mittelalters", Magazin für die Wissenschaft des Judentums, 6 (1879):20-38. Scholem 1924/25 ג' שולם, "הערות ותקונים לרשימת כתבי היד שבמינכן (כתבי יד בקבלה)", קרית ספר א 284-293(תרפ"ה): (G. Scholem, "Addenda and Corrigenda to the list of the Manuscripts in Munich (Kabbalistic Manuscripts)", Kiryat Sefer 1 (1924-1925):284-293). Scholem 1927 ג' שלום, "קבלות ר' יעקב ור' יצחק בני ר' יעקב הכהן", מדעי היהדות ב (תרפ"ז):227-230 (G. Scholem, "Kabbalot of R. Yaakov and R. Itzhak sons of R. Yaakov Hacohen", Mad'ei Ha-Yahadut, 2 (1927):227-230). Scholem 1933/34 ג' שולם, "מפתח לפירושים על עשר ספירות", קרית ספר י (תרצ"ד):498-515 (G. Scholem, "Index of the Commentaries on the Ten Sefirot", Kiryat Sefer 10 (1933-1934):498-515). Scholem 1942 ג' שלום, "שרידים חדשים מכתבי ר' עזריאל מגירונה", ספר זכרון לאשר גולאק ולשמואל קליין ז"ל, ירושלים תש"ב:201-222 (G. Scholem, "New Pieces of the Writings of R. Azriel of Gerona", Book in Memory of Asher Gulak and Shmuel Klein z"l, Jerusalem 1942:201-222). Scholem 1948 ג' שולם, ראשית הקבלה, ירושלים תש"ח (G. Scholem, The Beginning of the Kabbalah, Jerusalem 1948). Sirat and Dukan, unpublished C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux"sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished. Steinschneider 1895 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895.
Short Name
Full Name
Ilona Steimann | 2008, 2015
Author of description
Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008, 2015; 2015
Architectural Drawings
Computer Reconstruction
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 05-2016; 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evans | 2015
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation |
Negative/Photo. No.