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Obj. ID: 20911
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger's Sixth Miscellany on Kabbalah, Venice, c.1549

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,

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Name/Title
Fugger's Sixth Venetian Miscellany on Kabbalah | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
c.1549
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Unknown |
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 17 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 17)
Material/Technique
Paper, 2 + 276 + 4 leaves.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Full page: (354-355) x (242-245) mm.
Text space: Scribe 9: (236-238) x (140-142) mm.
Yaakov ben Yosef: (240-242) x (131-138) mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not used.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
1
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
1. Me'irat Enayim: explanation of the mystical secrets in Moses bar Nahman's commentary by Isaac bar Samuel of Acre (מאירת עיניים; The Illumination of the Eyes) (fols. 1-168v): beginsבשם המשכיל לכל המשפילים (Goldreich 1984:19). Other copies in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 240 (fragment, fols. 49-49v); BSB Cod.hebr. 325 (fols. 1-146). 2. Zohar: Ra'aya Meheimna (זהר: רעיא מהימנא; Zohar: The Faithful Shepherd) (fols. 169-275): beginsפקודא בתר דא להשיב אבידה. Another copy in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 47 (fols. 145v-298) from Fugger's Venetian group.
Codicology
Scribes
Scribe 9* (Scribe A**): fols. 1-168v in dark brown ink. Yaakov ben Yosef (Scribe B) fols. 169-275 in dark brown ink. The text was proofread by the corrector of Fugger's group, e.g. fols. 7v, 34v, 46, 180v. * Running numbers (Scribe 1, 2, etc.) denote the anonymous main scribes and interpolators throughout the entire group of Fugger’s Venetian manuscripts. The scribes identified by name are not numbered. ** The letters A, B, etc. denote the order of copying by the main scribes and interpolators in this manuscript.
Script
The main text is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 30 lines per page in one column.
Ruling
Ruling by stylus: 30 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines (e.g. fol. 275). Some guide lines for the display script of the titles were duplicated in plummet by Yaakov ben Yosef (fol. 169).
Pricking
Quires
24 quires of 12 leaves each, except for XVIII10, XX10, XXIV4. Quire composition: I12 (1-12); II12 (13-24); III12 (25-36); IV12 (37-48); V12 (49-60); VI12 (61-72); VII12 (73-84); VIII12 (85-96); IX12 (97-108); X12 (109-120); XI12 (121-132); XII12 (133-144); XIII12 (145-156); XIV12 (157-168); XV12 (169-180); XVI12 (181-192); XVII12 (193-204); XVIII10 (205-214); XIX12 (215-226); XX10 (227-236); XXI12 (237-248); XXII12 (249-260); XXIII12 (261-272); XXIV4 (273-275a).
Catchwords
Catchwords for leaves are written horizontally on the left below the text in semi-cursive script. They are mostly topped by # (Scribe 9) and a loop (Yaakov).
Hebrew Numeration
None.
Blank Leaves
Fols. 169v, 175v, 175a-175a verso.
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
None.
Scribal Notes
None.
Watermark
Watermarks: A trefoil flower between 'P' and '3' in the outer corner of the folio (32 mm; e.g. fols. 2, 20, 31, 95, 123, 138; similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Lettres 75; Venice, 1548, 1550); unidentified object between '3' and 'M' in the outer corner of the folio (~25 mm; e.g. fol. 65): unidentified; a trefoil flower between 'N' and 'C' in the outer corner of the folio (24 mm; e.g. fols. 69, 71): unidentified.
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding

Green leather, turned brown, on wooden boards (355 x 235 mm); gold-tooled similarly on front and back with a central roundel within an undulating lozenge in a large rectangle, decorated with floral motifs at the centre of each side and at the corners. The front roundel is inscribed קבלה; below it is the letter ח (erased). The back roundel is inscribed CABALA. The spine, blind-tooled with hatching has four hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the edges of the front cover are vestiges of four groups of three plaited leather bands, two groups on the side edge and one each on the upper and lower edges, with corresponding holes for four nails on the edges of the back cover (for preserved bands see Cod.hebr. 301). Each group of three bands terminated in a ring intended to hook over the nails on the opposite cover. The leaves are gilt-edged.

 

This binding was made for Fugger by Andrea di Lorenzo inVenice(Hobson 1999:111-112). Similar bindings in BSB: Cod.hebr. 40, 11, 22, 24, 52, 54 and e.g. Cod.gr. 21, 39.

 

Watermarks of the flyleaves: A trefoil flower between 'P' and '3' in the outer corner of the folio (32 mm; back cover first flyleaf): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Lettres 75 (Venice, 1548, 1550).

Decoration Program

The decoration is by Yaakov ben Yosef:

Decorative title with a pen-drawn image of The Faithful Shepherd illustrating the title רעיא מהימנא

(fol. 169). For similar titles, captions and initial words see: BSB Cod.hebr. 10, fol. 1; Cod.hebr. 15,

fol. 245; Cod.hebr. 22, fols. 1, 70, 181; Cod.hebr. 24, fols. 165, 213; Cod.hebr. 32, fol. 1; Cod.hebr. 40, fols. 160, 161, 219, 219v; Cod.hebr. 48, fol. 1; Cod.hebr. 52, fol. 1; Cod.hebr. 62, fols. 1, 183.

Summary and Remarks

Yaakov ben Yosef appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 10, 12, 15, 22, 24, 27, 31, 32, 40, 43, 48, 49, 52, 57, 58, 62, 73; Scribe 9 only in this codex. 

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Owners' inscriptions: None. Inscriptions of librarians and researchers: Former front pastedown: Contents in Hebrew in brown ink by Librarian 1a: מאירת עניים (sic) רבי יצחק/ בר' שמואל קבלה על/ התורה/ גם הספר הנקרא/ רעיא מהימנא. Contents in Latin characters in brown ink by Librarian 1a: Meiras enaijm ribi ijtzhak\ bar Schemuel hakabala\ al hatora\ Gam hasephaer hanikraa\ reaia mehemna. Contents in Latin by Librarian 2: Rabi Isaac filij Samuelis Liber Meiras enaijm Illuminatio oculorum, tractat de decem numeris, quibus passim in Cabala vtuntur videlicet:\ 1. Corona. 2. Sapientia. 3. Intellectus. 4. Gratia. 5. Fortitudo. 6. Digni\tas. 7. Victoria. 8. Pulchritudo. 9. Fundamentum mundi.\ 10. Regnum.\ Reaia Mehemna liber cabalisticus. Fol. 1v: Ilan ha-Sephirot inscribed in Hebrew, in Hebrew in Latin characters and in Latin by librarian 7. Exlibris, in plummet: Contents of the manuscript in German. Exlibris and stamps: Inside front cover: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (230 x 155 mm) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab). On fols. 1 and 275v there is a modern oval stamp of the BSB: BIBLIOTHECA\ REGIA\ MONACENSIS. Signatures: Front cover in black ink: 2. n. 51. (Duke's library, Prommer's signature). Front former pastedown, in red ink: 2. 51 (Duke's library, Prommer's revision of 1583). Front former pastedown, in brown ink: MS. Hebr. 13. Spine, on sticker in light brown ink: 117? Inside back cover and spine on sticker in black ink: Cod.hebr. 17 (current signature). Inside front cover, on exlibris in plummet: Cod.hebr. 17 (current signature).
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Dressler 1972 F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972. Goldreich 1984ע' גולדרייך, מאירת עינים, ירושלים תשמ"ד (I. Goldreich, The Illumination of the Eyes, Jerusalem 1984). Harlfinger 1974-80 D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin 1974-1980. Hobson 1999 A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings, Cambridge 1999. Sirat and Dukan, unpublished C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux "sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished. Steinschneider 1895 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Ilona Steimann | 2008, 2014
Researcher
Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008, 2014; 2015
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconsdivuction
|
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 05-2016; 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evans | 2015
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.