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© Samuel D. Gruber, Photographer: Gruber, Samuel D., 2018
Name/Title
Rosenstrasse Monument or Block of Women Monument in Berlin | Unknown
Object Detail
Settings
Unknown
Date
1995
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Germany | Berlin (Bundesland) | Berlin
| Rosenstraße 1-2
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Stone (red sandstone)
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

When the monument was designed in the 1980s the history of the Rosenstrasse protest was little known. Artist Ingeborg Hunzinger had designed the sculptural monument, but it could not be erected in communist-era GDR. In 1989, Nathan Stolzfuss reported on the 1943 protests in the weekly newspaper Die Zeit and soon after, a project group was founded to promote a memorial on Rosenstraße.  After German unification, the Berlin Senate enabled the erection of Hunzinger’s “Block of Women” ensemble of monumental sculptures in 1995. The site chosen is a small park adjacent to the site of the protests, and near the site of Berlin’s destroyed Old Synagogue.

Despite the power of the animated figural sculptures, little information was initially provided to inform viewers about the purpose of the work and the history of the commemorated events. This was changed in 2011, when a kiosk, replicating the appearance of an earlier “Litfaß column” (advertising column) was installed nearby on Rosenstrasse with historical information and photos that provide more information.

The Rosenstrasse protest of late February and early March 1943 was the rare instance where German civilians actively protested Nazi policies and actions. In ten years of Nazi rule, after the first brutal crackdowns in 1933 until 1943, such public resistance in Berlin and elsewhere was unknown. The women risked their lives to successfully gain the release of their Jewish husbands who had been rounded up for forced labor and likely deportation. Thus, many of the prisoners managed to survive the war. The reason for the release of the men, and what the effectiveness of the women’s protest tells us about the unfulfilled potential of protest in the Nazi era is the subject of much scholarly, political, and ethical debate.

The group of sculptures is located at the site of the former Jewish administrative building in which the Gestapo held the men captive, which was subsequently destroyed in the war. The actual building on Rosenstraße in which the men were held, was destroyed during an Allied bombing of Berlin at the end of the war.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Samuel D Gruber | 2021
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
A460120