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© The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI), Photographer: Kwolek, Grzegorz, 09.2017

The first and the second columns of text (sheet no. 1) are inscribed within the hand-painted border.

Name/Title
JHI Esther Scroll with Cherubs | Unknown
Object Detail
text panels 1 and 2
Date
Mid-18th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: ca. 246 x ca. 3240 mm.
Length of the sheets in the scroll: 1) ca. 645 mm, 2) ca. 650 mm, 3) ca. 635 mm, 4) ca. 465 mm, 5) ca. 490 mm, 6) ca. 355 mm.
Dimensions of the selected details in the scroll:
- text panel: 185 x ca. 135;
- decorations in the upper margin: 25 mm;
- decorations in the lower margin: 30 mm;
- the spaces between the text panels vary and they are 15-20 mm wide;
- cherubim: 50 mm (height);
- garlands: 55 mm;
- columns between the text panels: ca. 105 mm (height);
- illustration in col. 17: ca. 160x73 mm;
- an average letter: 4 mm (height);
- letters in col. 17 and the letter ח in Es. 1:6: 10 mm (height);
- spaces between the subsequent lines of the text: 5 mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition

Possibly, the manuscript lacks its opening section.

The sheets are crumpled, the text is faded in many places or losses in the text – the holes visible in several places of the parchment sheets. In many places only remains after the letters are visible.

The text on the fourth sheet is very well preserved as well as on the sixth membrane, the text is relatively well preserved.

It is common that only one component of the letter is well preserved, while all others are slightly visible.

The beginning of the scroll is seriously damaged.

Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 6 sheets containing a total of 20 text columns with 19 lines, except for col. 17 including 11 lines divided into two half-columns.

The text is inscribed in the Hebrew "Amsterdam" square script with tagin in black ink with brown shades, on the flesh side of the parchment membranes that are very thin and bright. The side of the text and decoration is smoother and the other one is rather suede but both sides of the sheets are still rather similar.  

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) is highlighted by its size (it is larger than an average letter in the scroll and bolded) and form (it is formed of two parts joined with a roof and every of three elements is decorated with three tagin). The letter ת (Es. 9:29) is enlarged and bolded. Other enlarged and diminished letters are included in col. 17.

The letters פ are written as פ''א לפופה.

The left arm of the letter ע in the final word of the Megillah is elongated.

The text included relatively few elongated letters because the spaces between the subsequent words were left bigger or smaller.

The ruling is slightly visible but originally it was done and contained both - upper and lower - lines marked with a hardpoint along with the sheets. 

The membranes in the scroll are stitched together.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

The last part of the sixth membrane that is ca. 35 mm wide is blank and strongly rolled which makes accurate measurement difficult.

The paints on the second sheet are a bit different, e.g. yellow color is much brighter and delicate. 

The decoration was sketched in pencil.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The former numbers of the manuscript are 3074 and B-404.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Online collection of the ritual objects from the E. Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute is available here: https://cbj.jhi.pl/documents/633639/0/ (accessed on 12.07.2021).

Kalendarz żydowski 1986–1987 [Jewish Calendar 1986-1987], Warsaw 1986, p. 32, interleaves after pp. 144 and 160 (short description and images).

Dagmara Budzioch, The Decorated Esther Scrolls from the Museum of the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw and the Tradition of Megillot Esther Decoration in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries – An Outline [Polish: Dekorowane zwoje Estery z Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego w Warszawie na tle tradycji dekorowania megilot Ester w XVII i XVIII wieku. Zarys problematyki], Warsaw 2019, 1:294-300, 2:1-10.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Researcher
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
M002173