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© Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum), Photographer: Unknown, -
Name/Title
JHM Aryeh Leib ben Daniel of Goray Early Esther Scroll | Unknown
Object Detail
Settings
Unknown
Date
1736/1737
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Origin
Europe | Central Europe
| Poland or Germany
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: 270x1960 mm (without a frame that is 330x2000 mm).
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition

The initial and final sections of the scroll are very dark and dirty.

There are some stains on the membranes.

A part of the scribal inscription written at the beginning is barely visible.

The inscription on the right margin of the first membrane is illegible.

Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 3 sheets, containing in total 9 columns of the text of 27 lines of various lengths.

Every membrane includes 3 columns of text.

The text is written in Hebrew square Ashkenazi script with tagim, in brown ink on the flesh side of the parchment membranes that seem to be of medium thickness and rather suede.

The letters ח (Es. 1:6) and ת (Es. 9:29) are enlarged. Enlarged and diminished letters are included in the Haman's sons section.

The initial word of the scroll is enlarged and bolded.

The text includes numerous elongated letters and some erasures and corrections are visible in it.

The names of God are highlighted by enlarged and bolded letters, e.g. col. 2.

The ruling is well visible - horizontal and vertical lines - along with the membranes.

The pricking can be seen at the beginning and end of the scroll.

The membranes in the scroll are glued together.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

Colophon of the artist-scribe is divided into two parts that are penned in the semicircles placed at the beginning and at the end of the manuscript. The text in the first semicircle bears the date but is faded and only barely visible. In the second semicircle, the artist-scribe included his name - Aryeh Leib ben Daniel of Goray Polin Katan.

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

The text panels are big and wide.

The lines of the decorations that currently are light green, could originally be gold.

The scroll is stored unrolled within a frame.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

The scroll is available on the Museum's website: https://data.jck.nl/page/aggregation/jhm-museum/M000416 (accessed on 24.05.2021).

Bibliography on other scrolls made by Aryeh Leib ben Daniel of Goray or attributed to him:

Dagmara Budzioch, The Decorated Esther Scrolls from the Museum of the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw and the Tradition of Megillot Esther Decoration in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries – An Outline [Polish: Dekorowane zwoje Estery z Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego w Warszawie na tle tradycji dekorowania megilot Ester w XVII i XVIII wieku. Zarys problematyki], Warsaw 2019, 1:206-215.

Ernest Namenyi, "The Illumination of Hebrew Manuscripts after the Invention of Printing," in Cecil Roth (ed.), Jewish Art, an Illustrated History (London, 1961), col. 435.

Mendel Metzger, The Earliest Engraved Italian Megilloth, Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 1966, 48/2, esp. 409, 422-425.

Olga Sixtova, O svitku / Form of the Scroll [katalog k výstavě konané v Galerii Roberta Guttmanna Židovského muzea v Praze od 22. června do 26. července 2006], Prag 2006, 32-33.

A Journey through Jewish Worlds: Highlights from the Braginsky Collection of Hebrew Manuscripts and Printed Books, eds. Evelyn M. Cohen, Emile Schrijver, Sharon Liberman Mintz, Amsterdam 2009, 246-249.

Schöne Seiten. Jüdische Schriftkultur aus der Braginsky Collection, eds. Emile Schrijver, Falk Wiesemann, Evelyn M. Cohen, Sharon Liberman Mintz, Menahem Schmeltzer, Zurich 2011, 266-269.

A Fine Illustrated Esther Scroll, [ca. 1740], lot 105, Sotheby's New York Important Judaica, 20 December 2017 https://www.sothebys.com/en/auctions/ecatalogue/lot.105.html/2017/important-judaica-n09687 (accessed on 31.07.2020).

A Magnificent Esther Scroll Written and illustrated Aryeh Leib ben Daniel of Goray, Schwelm, 1737, lot 187, Sotheby's New York Important Judaica Including Property from the Estate of Shlomo Moussaieff, 15 December 2016 https://www.sothebys.com/en/auctions/ecatalogue/2016/important-judaica-n09589/lot.187.html (accessed on 31.07.2020).

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
Author of description
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
M606808