Object Alone

Obj. ID: 53314  Flossenburg Camp Monument in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris, France, 1953

© Samuel D. Gruber, Photographer: Gruber, Samuel D., 2023

 Name of Monument

Flossenbürg Concentration Camp Monument at Pere Lachaise Cemetery

Who/What is Commemorated?

Victims of the Flossenbürg Concentration Camp

Description:

The monument is at the edge of section 97 of the cemetery, in an area of other collective monuments. It is one of more than a dozen memorials erected in the past 70 years commemorating victims of various Nazi concentration and death camps.

 The memorial occupies of narrow rectangular plot outlines with smooth-cut grey granite border stones. The area within is covered in dirt and small pebbles. In this, the memorial plot looks like a typical cemetery gravesite. At the far end rises a tall rectangular grey granite stele culminating in a triangular polished red granite cut stone set into the top of the stele, point facing down. A large “F” cut in black stone is set on the face of the red triangle referring to triangle badges used in camps for identification, where F stood for French and red for political inmates.

 The face os the stele is divided into three fields. The center field is an attached polished black granite plaque with a map showing the location of Fossenbürg. Above this is large letter is the dedicatory inscription to those deported to Flossenbürg and its 95 sub-camps. Below the map is an inscription indicating that ashes from the crematorium at the camp are included in the memorial, and that the granite used comes from the quarry at the camp. Beneath this inscription inscribed in profile is a pattern showing steps – presumably the steps in the granite quarry.

 In front of the stele, set on the ground, are four partially worked blocks of granite form the Flossenbürg quarry, where prisoners labored under terrible conditions.

 Inscriptions

 

AUX DEPORTES

DU CAMP DE CONCENTRATION DE

FLOSSENBÜRG

ET DE SES 95 KOMMANDOS

 A L’INTERIOIEUR DE CETTE STELE EDIFEE EN

GRANIT PROVI NANT DE LA CARRIERE DU

CAMP EST DEPOSEE URNE CONTENANT

DES CENDRES RECUEILLILE DANS L’ENCEINTE

DU FOUR CREMATOIRE DE FLOSSENBURG

LIBERE PAR 3EME ARMEE AMERICAINE

LE 23 AVRIL 1945

 

Translation: Inside this stele built in granite from the quarry of the camp is deposited an urn containing

ashes collected in the area from the Flossenburg crematory oven, liberated by 3rd  American Army, April 23, 1945

Commissioned by

Flossenbürg camp survivors

Documenter
|
Author of description
Samuel D. Gruber | 2024
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconsdivuction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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8 image(s)

Name / Title
Flossenburg Camp Monument in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris | Unknown
Monument Setting
Cemetery   
Object Detail
Completion Date
1953
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
2004
Artist/ Maker
Unknown
Location
France | Ile-de-France région | Paris
| Père Lachaise Cemetery, section 77, intersection of Av. Transversale #3 and Av. Circolaire
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Iconographical Subject
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Material / Technique
Stone (grey, pink and black granite)
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
0
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
History

The monument is in section 97 of the cemetery in an area of other collective monuments. It is one of more than a dozen memorials erected in the past 70 years commemorating victims of various Nazi concentration and death camps. These monuments have been erected by camp survivors, political organizations, and other associations beginning in 1949, when memorials to victims of Auschwitz-Birkenau (June) and the camp at Neuengamme (November) were dedicated. The Flossenbürg memorial was dedicated by camp survivors with embedded ashes from the camp in 1953. It was rededicated in 2004 as part fo the celebration fo the 50th anniversary of the Liberation of Paris.

From Wikipedia:

“Flossenbürg was a Nazi concentration camp built in May 1938 by the SS Main Economic and Administrative Office. Unlike other concentration camps, it was located in a remote area, in the Fichtel Mountains of Bavaria, adjacent to the town of Flossenbürg and near the German border with Czechoslovakia. The camp's initial purpose was to exploit the forced labor of prisoners for the production of granite for Nazi architecture. In 1943, the bulk of prisoners switched to producing Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter planes and other armaments for Germany's war effort. Although originally intended for "criminal" and "asocial" prisoners, after Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union, the camp's numbers swelled with political prisoners from outside Germany. It also developed an extensive subcamp system that eventually outgrew the main camp.  Before it was liberated by the United States Army in April 1945, 89,964 to 100,000 prisoners passed through Flossenbürg and its subcamps. Around 30,000 died from malnutrition, overwork, executions, or during the death marches. Some of those responsible for these deaths, including administrators, guards, and others, were tried and convicted in the Flossenbürg trial. The camp was repurposed for other uses before the opening of a memorial and museum in 2007.”

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"Flossenbürg concentration camp,"
Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flossenbürg_concentration_camp.

Memorial Map, Flossenbürg Concentration Camp Memorial, https://www.gedenkstaette-flossenbuerg.de/en/research/memorial-map (accessed April 7, 2024)
Type
The following information on this monument will be completed: