Object Alone

Obj. ID: 51188  First Memorial at the Site of Synagogue in Memmingen, Germany, 1960s, 2012

© Samuel D. Gruber, Photographer: Gruber, Samuel D., 2023

Memorial Name

No official name

What is Comemmorated?

The Synagogue destroyed on Kristallnacht

Description

This memorial commemorates the destroyed synagogue building. It is a tall stele, made of a thin metal (bronze?) sheet with inscriptions, and upon which is affixed a second bronze panel.

On the top part of the main “background” sheet is inscribed the opening words of the “Ma Tovu” prayer in German, and a sentence identifying this as the site of the synagogue destroyed on November 8-9, 1938.

Affixed beneath this – in a central position – is a panel with a realistic representation in relief of the destroyed synagogue.

Beneath this, inscribed on the main “background” sheet is a plan of the destroyed building.

Inscriptions

German

Wie schön sind deine zelte, Jacob
Wie schön seine wohnstäten, Israel
(Numer 24,5)

Hier stand die Memminger synagoge
1909 erbaut
1938 in der Reichspogromnacht zerstö

Synagogue 1909-1938

Translation: How fair are your tents, O Jacob, Your dwellings, O Israel (Numbers 24:5) [translation from JPS 2006] / Here was the Memminger synagogue built in 1909 destroyed in the Reichspogrom night 1938 / Synagogue 1908-1938

Commissioned by
The Municipality of Memminger [to be confirmed]
Documenter
Samuel Gruber | 2023
Author of description
Samuel Gruber, Anna Berezin | 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconsdivuction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
Adam Frisch | 2023
Donor
|

6 image(s)

Name / Title
First Memorial at the Site of Synagogue in Memmingen | Unknown
Object Detail
Completion Date
1960s (relief), 2012 (urpight stele)
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Iconographical Subject
Material / Technique
Bronze
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Stele:
-Height: 1.83 meters
-Width: 1.0 meters

Central Plaque:
-Height: 0.47 meters
-Width: 0.50 meters
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
0
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
History

A new synagogue of Memmingen was dedicated on a prominent site in 1909 and was destroyed on Kristallnacht (November 8-9, 1938).  In the spring of 1942, the remaining Jews of Memmengen were deported, most to their deaths.

After World War II, the plot was transferred to the Jewish Restitution Successor Organization (JRSO). In 1951, JRSO sold the plot to the company "Lech-Elektrizitätswerken" (LEW) which erected an office building on the plot in the early 1960s. The LEW building had a plaque with a relief depicting the synagogue and a memorial dedicated to the synagogue was installed near the LEW building. 

The LEW building was demolished in 2012 and a new building was erected on the plot. The plaque with the relief was preserved and reused in this monument as a central relief. 

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources
Type
The following information on this monument will be completed: