Object Alone

Obj. ID: 50276  New Holocaust Memorial at the Fish Processing Plant in Liepāja, Latvia, 1990s

© Vladimir Levin, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 2023

Memorial Name

No official name

Who is Commemorated?

Liepāja Jews murdered near the Fishing Harbor and lighthouse.

Description:

The memorial marks the area where about 1,200 Liepāja Jews were murdered in July 1941. According to the book of Meyer Meler, the killing took place “in the area of the Fishermen Harbor, to the south of the lighthouse, on the beach” (Meler 2010, 246).

The memorial, placed on the right-hand side of the old memorial plaque (see here), consists of a red brick wall of the Fish Processing Plant, a black marble plaque with identical Latvian and Russian inscriptions and the Star of David, and a kind of metal bas-relief in a sunken panel. The bas-relief consists of a five-pointed star, a vase with flame and the dates 1941 and 1945.

Inscription

Latvian:

Cilvēki,
apstājieties, nolieciet galvu!
Šajā vietā 1941. gada 27. jūlijā
notika pirmā liepājas ebreju
masveida iznīcināšana.
Lāsts fašistiskajiem slepkavām!

Translation: People, stop, put your head down! In this place, on July 27, 1941, the first mass annihilation of the Jews of Liepāja took place. Curse the fascist killers!

Russian:

Люди,
остановитесь, склоните головы!
На этом месте 27 июля 1941 года
состоялось первое массовое
уничтожение евреев Лиепаи.
Проклятие фашистским убийцам!

Translation: People, stop, put your head down! In this place, on July 27, 1941, the first mass annihilation of the Jews of Liepāja took place. Curse the fascist killers!

Commissioned by

 

Documenter
Vladimir Levin, Milda Jakulytė | 2023
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconsdivuction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|

5 image(s)

Name / Title
New Holocaust Memorial at the Fish Processing Plant in Liepāja | Unknown
Monument Setting
Object Detail
Completion Date
1990s
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Location
Latvia | Kurzeme | Liepāja
| Roņu iela 9
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Black marble plaque, metal, red brick
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
55 cm (plaque)
Length
Width
60 cm (plaque)
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
0
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
History

Liepāja fell to the Nazi German hands on June 29, 1941. The first mass-scale killings of Jews took place in July 1941 in the vicinity of the fishing port – at the lighthouse and at the fish cannery. About 1,200 Jews were shot there.

According to the Liepaja Jewish Heritage Foundation, “Researchers of the exact place of execution of the Jews of Liepāja in the lighthouse area, consider that the trench, which may still contain human remains, ran parallel to the seashore along the fortresses that are now located on both sides of Roņu Street. The assumption is based on the fact that during the war there was no Roņu street and the fortifications located on both sides of the street were connected.”

The first memorial plaque at the killing site was probably installed in the 1960s (see here). In the 1990s, it was supplemented by a new memorial.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"Holocaust Memorial Places in Latvia," a website by the Center for Judaic Studies at the University of Latvia

Liepaja Jewish Heritage Foundation, http://liepajajewishheritage.lv/en/the-lighthouse-2/., http://liepajajewishheritage.lv/en/ (accessed October 28, 2023)

Meler, Meyer, Jewish Latvia: Sites to Remember (Tel-Aviv: Association of Latvian and Estonian Jews in Israel, 2013), pp. 206-208, 212, 214.

Meler, Meyer, Mesta nashei pamiati: Evreiskie obshchiny Latvii, unichtozhennye v Kholokoste (Riga: by the author, 2010), pp. 246, 252, 254.
Type
The following information on this monument will be completed: