Object Alone

Obj. ID: 46191  Holocaust Memorial Plaque at the Old Upper Synagogue in Mikulov, Czech Republic, 2015

© Samuel D. Gruber, Photographer: Gruber, Samuel D., 2022

Who is Commemorated?

Jewish citizens of Mikulov, victims of the Holocaust

Description:

A rectangular bronze plaque is set in a wall of the exterior entrance porch of the synagogue. A depiction is low relief of a metalwork seven-branched menorah fills the panel with commemorative Czech text on each side of the menorah stands, and the Hebrew letters תנצבה set between the menorah's feet. The letters are an abbreviation for "תְּהֵא נַפְשׁוֹ / נַפְשָׁהּ צְרוּרָה בִּצְרוֹר הַחַיִּים"‎ a paraphrase of what Saul's daughter Abigail told David in Samuel I 25:29, meaning “May his/her soul be bound up in the bond of life," and a traditional phrase to be inscribed on a grave or on a memorial.

In a small, raised circle in the lower right corner are the initials “Z. R..” probably the initials of the artist or foundry.

Inscriptions

In Czech:

PAMÁTCE ŽIDOVSKÝCH

OBCANŮ MIKULOVA,

OBĔTÍ NACISTICKÉ

PERZEKUCE V LETECH 1939-45

Translation: In memory of Jewish / citizens of Mikulov / victims of Nazi / persecution during years 1939 - 45

In Hebrew:

תנצבה 

Translation: May their souls be bound up in the bond of life

Commissioned by

The Jewish Community of Brno and the City of Mikulov

Documenter
|
Author of description
Samuel D. Gruber | 2022
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconsdivuction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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4 image(s)

Name / Title
Holocaust Memorial Plaque at the Old Upper Synagogue in Mikulov | Unknown
Monument Setting
Synagogue (former)   
{"11":"A Holocaust memorial permanently installed at\/in the building of a former synagogue."}
Object Detail
Completion Date
2015
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Location
Czech Republic | Moravia | Mikulov
| 13 Husova St.
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Iconographical Subject
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Bronze
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
40 cm
Length
Width
60 cm
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
4 cm
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
0
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
History

The oldest, and only remaining Jewish religious building in Mikulov is the Upper Synagogue (also known as the Old or Home synagogue). The synagogue was built in 1550. And a ground-floor women's prayer room was built onto the south side in 1688 and 1689. After a fire in 1719 the synagogue was rebuilt and renovated. The main hall was covered by four Baroque domes, joined by a four-columned sup­port which forms the canopy over the bimah from which the Torah is read. The reconstruction was probably directed by Johann Christian Oedtl, an architect in the service of the Dietrichsteins. The Aron ha-Kodesh was built by sculptor Ignaz Lengelacher. The Synagogue was used for religious services until 1938, after which the building was devastated during the Nazi occupation and neglected under Communism. In the 1980s, the Mikulov museum rebuilt the structure for use as an exhibition and concert hall. In 2014 the synagogue was fully restored. The plaque probably dates from this time.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"Památce židovských obcanu Mikulova - Mikulov, Czech Republic," Waymarking, https://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WMMFK6_Pamtce_idovskch_obcanu_Mikulova_Mikulov_Czech_Republic (accessed December 26, 2022)
Type
The following information on this monument will be completed: