Object Alone

Obj. ID: 44527  Holocaust memorial near the Jewish cemetery in Jurbarkas, Lithuania, 1990s

© Vladimir Levin, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 2022

Memorial Name

Žudynių vieta ir kapai - Mass killing site and grave of Jews

Who is Commemorated?

370 Jews of Jurbarkas


The killing site is close to the Jurbarkas Jewish cemetery. The site consists of the monument and 4 pits marked by concrete curbs. The site is fenced by a fence made of yellow brick poles and metal bars. The path to the monument is paved with concrete tiles; there are also concrete paths between the four pits.

The monument is made from yellow bricks in the shape of an arch or a gate. In front of the monument, there are four granite blocks put in a L shape. Each block has a plaque with an inscription in Lithuanian and Yiddish. 

Block no 1:


Amžina atmintis genocido aukoms

Translation: Eternal memory of the victims of genocide


אייביקער אנדענק
די קובנות פון חורבן

Translation: Eternal memory of the victims of destruction.

Block no 2:


1941 metais buvo sunaikinta
visa Jurbarko žydų bendruomenė –
daugiau nei 2000 žmonių. Šioje
vietoje hitlerininkai ir jų vietiniai
talkininkai liepos 3 d. nužudė
daugiau nei 300 žydų, kelias
dešimtis lietuvių ir rusų

TranslationIn 1941 the whole Jewish community of Jurbarkas of more than 2,000 people, was destroyed. At this place, on July 3, 1941, Hitler’s henchmen and their local helpers murdered more than 300 Jews and a few dozen Lithuanians and Russians.

Block no 3:


דאׇ האׇבן די היטלעריסטן און זייערע אׇרטיקע
באהעלפערס דערמאׇרדעט דעם 3 יולי 1941
מער ווי 300 יידן און עטלעכע צענדליקער
ליטווינער און רוסן. אין 1941 יאׇר האׇט מען
אומגעבראכט די גאנצע יורבורגער קהילה –
מער ווי 2000 מענטשן.

Translation: Here, Hitlerites and their local / helpers murdered on July 3, 1941, / more than 300 Jews and several dozens / Lithuanians and Russians. / In the year 1941, the entire Yurburg community was exterminated - more than 2,000 people.

Block no 4:


Čia nužudytas žymus Lietuvos
skulptorius Vincas Grybas

TranslationThe famous Lithuanian sculptor Vincas Grybas was murdered here.


דאׇ האׇט מען דערמאׇרדעט
דעם באוווסטן ליטווישן
סקולפטאׇר ווינצאס גריבאס

Translation: The famous Lithuanian sculptor Vincas Grybas was murdered here.

A private monument (a granite plaque) to Reyzele Berzaner was established by her siblings in the far end of the most eastern pit. It has a Star of David and a Yiddish inscription:

פאר אונדזער שוועסטער
רייזעלע בערזאנער
1924 – 1941
און פאר אירע צוויי טייערע פריינט
דו וועסט אייביק זיין אין אונדזער הארצן
מיט ליבע
דינאלע און מוטע

Translation: To our sister / Reyzele Berzaner / 1924 - 1941 / and to her two dear friends. / You will eternally be in our hearts. / With love / Dinale and Mute.

Another private monument is a tin plaque attached to a tree above the same pit. Its Hebrew inscription reads:

לזכר עולם
לסבתי היקרה
מרת רחל לאה קורנפלד
בת ר' יהושע צבי
ולבתה היקרה ינטע ליבע שטוק
בת ר' נחמיה
בעלה ר' נתן שטוק ובנותיהם
שנרצחו ע"י בני עוולה יחד עם קדושי
קהילת יורבורג בשואה
תש"א – 1941 הי"ד

Translation: Eternal memory to my dear grandmother, Mrs. Rachel Leah Kornfeld, daughter of r. Yehoshua Tzvi, and to her dear daughter Yenta Libe Stuk, daughter of r. Nehemiah, her husband r. Nathan Stuk and their daughters who were murdered by the wicked together with the martyrs of the community of Yurburg in the Holocaust, 1941, ьay God avenge their blood. May their souls be bound in the bundle of life.

Commissioned by

The Lithuanian Jewish Community

Milda Jakulytė | June 2023
Author of description
Milda Jakulytė | March 2024
Architectural Drawings
Computer Reconsdivuction
Section Head
Language Editor

16 image(s)

Name / Title
Holocaust memorial near the Jewish cemetery in Jurbarkas | Unknown
Monument Setting
Object Detail
Completion Date
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Lithuania | Tauragė County | Jurbarkas
| Naujasodžiai village
Period Detail
Unknown |
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Bricks, granite
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Construction material
The brick gate:
height: 225 cm, width: 308 cm, depth: 38 cm
1st block:
height: 50 cm, length: 100 cm, depth: 15 cm
2nd-4th blocks:
height: 65, length: 80 cm, depth: 16 cm
Panel Measurements
Number of Lines
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Façade (main)
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Scribal Notes
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

A conference held at the office of Mayor Gepner decided to carry out the first mass murder of Jews in the afternoon on July 3, 1941. The site chosen was the Jewish cemetery. A brigade of 40 Gestapo personnel arrived in the city. Together with local police, they began capturing Jewish men. By 1 P.M. about 300 Jewish men and several dozen Soviet activists had been assembled. This did not meet the quota and another 60 Jewish men and 3 women with children who did not want to leave their husbands were brought. Jews who were sent earlier to the cemetery had dug a pit, a long ditch, and later dug another three. When the procession arrived those who werenʼt digging were ordered to break tree branches and to mask the area off from sight from the road and city. The shooting lasted 4 hours.

The date of installation of the first monument is unknown, probably in the 1950s.

Exhumed bodies from surrounding killing sites were also reinterred in this site: Kalnėnai village - 909 bodies, Berancynė forest - 700 bodies, Šilinė forest - 140 bodies, Stakiai village - 60 bodies, Jurbarkas forest - 5 bodies (in 1958).

A new monument was erected in the early 1990s, by the Jewish Community of Lithuania. 

On January 25, 2001, the monument was registered in the State Cultural Register of the Republic of Lithuania as a site of national importance (no. 10498).

Main Surveys & Excavations

Jakulytė-Vasil, Milda. Lithuanian Holocaust Atlas (Vilnius: VIlna Gaon State Jewish Museum, 2011), pp. 190-191.

Kultūros vertybių registras, https://kvr.kpd.lt/#/static-heritage-detail/45683249-5C95-4178-82F9-E401C6F98448., https://kvr.kpd.lt/#/ (accessed April 24, 2022)

Levinson, Yosif, Skausmo knyga. The Book of Sorrow. Dos bukh fun veytik. Sefer ha-keev (Vilnius: VAGA Publishers, 1997)., p. 91.
The following information on this monument will be completed: