Object Alone

Obj. ID: 43811  Memorial for Jewish Forced Laborers in the New Jewish Cemetery in Braunschweig, Germany, 1970s (?)

© Katrin Kessler, Photographer: Kessler, Katrin, 2022

Who is commemorated?

Jewish forced laborers in Braunschweig

Description

The memorial plaque embedded in the elongated lawn, surrounded by bushes, commemorates 80 victims of National Socialist tyranny, of whom only 69 are known by name. 

Inscriptions

The plaque is inscribed in German and Hebrew.

In German:

Weil sie Juden waren,
wurden sie
aus ihrer Heimat
verschleppt, um für
ein unmenschliches
System zu arbeiten
und zu sterben (1944/45).

Translation: Because they were Jews, they were deported from their homes to work and die for an inhuman system (1944/945).

The Hebrew inscription cites the hymn (piyyut) Yigdal that mentions the resurrection of the dead:

מתים יהיה אל ברב חסדו

Translation: God will the dead to life restore [tr. by Alice Lukas]

Commissioned by

Possibly the City of Braunschweig

Documenter
|
Author of description
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconsdivuction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|

3 image(s)

Name / Title
Memorial for Jewish Forced Laborers in the New Jewish Cemetery in Braunschweig | Unknown
Type of Monument
Monument Setting
Cemetery   
Object Detail
Completion Date
1970s (?)
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Type of grave
Unknown
Material / Technique
Natural stone with carved inscription
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
89 x 89 x 16 cm
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
0
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
History

During World War II, Büssing Company compensated increasing shortage of labor by sending recruiting prisoners from the Auschwitz concentration camp for forced labor. The first transport arrived in September 1944, followed by two more. The prisoners worked in the Braunschweig and Vechelde plant sections and lived in concentration (sub)camps in Braunschweig (Schillstrasse) and in the former Vechelde jute spinning mill.

In 1944-1945, the city used to scatter the ashes of Jews who perished through forced labor in the concentration subcamps Schillstraße, Jutespinnerei, and SS-Reitschule between today's "Cemetery of Honor 1939-1945 II" and the remaining Jewish cemetery.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Bein, Reinhard, Ewiges Haus - jüdische Friedhöfe in Stadt und Land Braunschweig (Braunschweig: Döring Druck, 2004)

"Braunschweig, Jüdischer Friedhof," Kriegsgräberstätten, https://kriegsgraeberstaetten.volksbund.de/friedhof/braunschweig-juedischer-friedhof (accessed March 16, 2022)

"Yigdal," In Encyclopaedia Judaica, Vol. 16 (Jerusalem: Keter Publishing House Ltd., 1971), 833–835. 
Type
The following information on this monument will be completed: