Object Alone

Obj. ID: 43167  Holocaust Memorial in the Jewish Cemetery in Nadvirna, Ukraine, 2018

© Steven Turner and NSRG (Nadworna Shtetl Research Group), Photographer: Turner, Steven, 2021

Who is Commemorated?

Jews killed in Nadworna in 1941-42

Description

The original cemetery perimeter is nearly rectangular in shape and of approximately 600m length, enclosing roughly 2.4 hectares of area, on a nearly-flat site; a portion of the original cemetery is overbuilt with industrial buildings. The monument is located at the north corner of the cemetery grounds, outside the main fence and wall, facing the road.

The completed memorial monument stands about 1.8m tall overall. The base rests on a large foundation stone dug into the soil, flush with the ground surface. A tapered layer of decorative stone is mortared to the concrete base to provide visual stability. The large main stone is carved with a recess for the plaque. The plaque is a decorative stone plate etched to raise the text and a Star of David emblem; the raised features are painted to provide visual contrast for legibility.

The text of the inscription is in four languages: Hebrew, Yiddish, English, and Ukrainian. The plaque is dated for the dedication ceremony and signed by the NSRG.
 
Inscription

The inscription in Hebrew reads:

לזכרון עולם של משפחותינו
שנרצחנו ע''י הגרמנים ועוזריהם בנדבורנה
בשנים 1941-1942
יהי זכרם ברוך
Translation: In eternal memory of our families murdered by Germans and their collaborators in Nadworna in the years 1941-1942. May their memory be blessed.

The inscription in Yiddish and Hebrew reads:

לזכרון עולם פאר אונזערע פאמיליעס
וועלעכע זענען געהארגעט געווארען
דורך דייטשן און זיימערע מיטהעלפער
אין נאדווארנע אין די יארן 1941-1942
ארץ אל תכסי דמם נקום נקמת דם עבדיך השפוך

Translation: In eternal memory of our families murdered by Germans and their collaborators in Nadworna in the years 1941-1942. // Earth, do not cover my blood [Job 16:18] you avenge the outpoured blood of your servants [Ps. 79:10] [The last row is in Hebrew, a quote from Job 16:18 and Ps. 79:10].

The inscription in English reads: 

 In eternal memory of our ancestors murdered
In Nadworna by Nazi Germans and
their collaborators in the years 1941-1942.
May their memory be blessed.
 
The inscription in Ukrainian reads: 
Вiчна пам'ять нашим предкам
замордованим в Надвiрнiй нiмецькими
нацистами та їх
посiбниками в 1941-1942 роках.
Нехай їхня пам'ять буде благословенна.

Translation:  In eternal memory of our ancestors murdered ןn Nadworna by Nazi Germans and their collaborators in the years 1941-1942. May their memory be blessed.

The inscription in Hebrew reads:

ת.נ.צ.ב.ה. [=תהי נפשם צרורה בצרור החיים]
א' אלול תשע''ח

Translation: May their souls be bound in the bundle of life. 1 Elul, 5778 [=August 12, 2018]

In English:

August 12, 2018
Nadworna Shtetl Research Group

Commissioned by

NSRG (Nadworna Shtetl Research Group)
Documenter
|
Author of description
Steven Turner | 2021
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconsdivuction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|

4 image(s)

Name / Title
Holocaust Memorial in the Jewish Cemetery in Nadvirna | Unknown
Monument Setting
Cemetery   
Object Detail
Completion Date
2018
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Location
Ukraine | Ivano-Frankivska obl. | Nadvirna (Надвірна)
| across Vyzvolennia Street from No. 31
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Iconographical Subject
Material / Technique
stone, concrete
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
1.8 m high, including a single 1.3m-high stone 0.5m-high concrete base; the stone and base footprint is roughly 0.8m wide and 0.6m deep.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
0
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

We are grateful to Steven Turner and NSRG (Nadworna Shtetl Research Group), who provided us with the images and description of the memorial.

History
The initiative and concept for the project came from the NSRG, (Nadworna Shtetl Research Group) led by Dr. Steven Turner. The memorial site  was researched and selected by Rabbi Moyshe Kolesnik of Ivano-Frankivsk as highly visible in Nadvirna and associated with existing places of Jewish memory (the cemetery and an unmarked mass grave of ghetto victims). The monument was constructed by local artisans after research by Ms. Leslie Nolan (Peace Corps volunteer stationed in Nadvirna) and Mr. Volodymyr Hrynishak, discussions within the NSRG, development of the text to be placed, translations, and a considerable amount of coordination in Nadvirna by Ms. Nolan and Mr. Hrynishak.
 
A dedication ceremony was held at the site on 12 August 2018 in the presence of more than a dozen members of the NSRG including Dr. Turner, plus Rabbi Kolesnik, Ms. Nolan, Mr. Hrynishak, and local citizens. After the monument had been placed and before the dedication ceremony, nearby residents offered and planted decorative plants on both sides of the installed memorial, to dress the site for the event.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

On the Holocaust in Nadvirna, see
Levin, Vladimir. "Nadworna - Holocaust," Jewish Galicia and Bukovina, July 13, 2009, http://jgaliciabukovina.net/134305/article/nadworna-holocaust (accessed February 17, 2022)
Type
The following information on this monument will be completed: