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Obj. ID: 53283  Holocaust Monument at the Killing Site in the Former Jewish Cemetry in Víšnieva (Vishnevo), Belarus, 2005

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown,

Memorial name

No official name.

Who is Commemorated?

37 Jewish Holocaust victims from Víšnieva (Vishnevo), killed in August 1941. 

Description

The monument is erected at the killing site/mass grave of 37 Holocaust Jewish victims in the former Jewish cemetery of Víšnieva (Vishnevo). It is an upright stele of an irregular shape, standing on a paved podium. 

In the upper part of the stele, the Magen David is depicted.

The monument bears three non-identical inscriptions: in Belarusian, Russian, and Hebrew. At the bottom of the monument, there is an additional inscription, identifying the foundation that erected the monument. 

Inscription

In Belarusian:

Ахвярам нацызму.
Тут у восені 1941 зверскі закатаваны
37 яўрэяў Вішнева. 

Translation: To the victims of Nazism. / Here, in the Autumn of 1941, 37 Jews of Víšnieva (Vishnevo) were brutally tortured to death. 

In Hebrew: 

במקום זה 
בשנת תש׳׳ב
נרצחו 37 יהודי ווישניבה 
לזכרון עולם של קורבנות הנאצים

Translation: At this place, /  in the year 5702, / 37 Jews of Víšnieva (Vishnevo) were killed. / To the everlasting memory of the victims of the Nazis.

At the bottom of the monument, in English:

A contribution from the Simon Mark Lazarus Foundation made the project possible. 

Commissioned by

The Simon Mark Lazarus Foundation. 

Documenter
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Author of description
Liza Schwartz | 2024
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconsdivuction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Name / Title
Holocaust Monument at the Killing Site in the Former Jewish Cemetry in Víšnieva (Vishnevo) | Unknown
Type of Monument
Unknown
Monument Setting
Object Detail
Completion Date
2005
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Iconographical Subject
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Granite
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
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Material Inscription
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Material Cloth
Material Lining
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1
Custom
Contents
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Ruling
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Hebrew Numeration
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Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
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Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
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Summary and Remarks
History

On June 27, 1941 the Wehrmacht entered Víšnieva (Vishnevo). In August 1941, the Nazis shot 38 young Jewish men (according to another source – 36 men and a woman) at the Jewish cemetery. Thereafter, a ghetto was established. It was liquidated on August 30, 1942. On that day, between 1,300 and 2,000 Jews (according to different sources) were shot near the village of Chalianova [Galinovo], located northeast of Víšnieva (Vishnevo) [Yad Vashem: The Untold Stories]. 

In 2005, on the initiative of the Simon Mark Lazarus Foundation, the present monument was erected at the former Jewish cemetery, the site of the murder of 37 Jews in August 1941 [Yad Vashem: The Untold Stories; Belarus Holocaust Memorial Project]. It is one of the about 100 monuments erected by the Simon Mark Lazarus Foundation. All of these monuments have a similar shape and design. 

There is also another monument in Víšnieva (Vishnevo). It commemorates the victims of the massacre of August 30, 1942 [Yad Vashem: The Untold Stories]. 

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"Vishnevo,"
Belarus Holocaust Memorial Project, https://www.belarusmemorials.com/memorials/minsk/vishnevo/.
Type
The following information on this monument will be completed: