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Obj. ID: 39389  Torah ark curtain, Demmelsdorf, 1761

© Gross Family Collection, Photographer: Bar Hama, Ardon, -.

2 image(s)

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Name/Title
Torah ark curtain | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1761
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Gross Family Collection No.
049.027.001
Material/Technique
Silver thread embroidery in various techniques on silk velvet, Decoration elements in pique technique on linen or cotton coarse padding and laid embroidery on carton foundation, Inscription letters are silver thread in laid embroidery on carton foundation and couching work, Silver thread tape around border, Silk embroidery, Glass beads
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
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Material Inscription
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Material Cloth
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Measurements
Height: 69 cm, Width: 48 cm
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Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
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Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
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Description

The following description was prepared by William Gross:

The parochet (Hebrew: פרוכת) is the curtain that covers the Aron Kodesh (Torah Ark) containing the Torah scrolls in a synagogue. The parochet symbolizes the curtain that covered the Ark of the Covenant, based on Exodus 40:21. "He brought the ark into the Tabernacle and placed the screening dividing curtain so that it formed a protective covering before the Ark..."

In front of the ark of the Torah hangs the ark curtain, or "Parochet" in Hebrew. In Ashkenazi synagogues these hung outside the ark doors and in Sephardic tradition the curtain was inside the ark doors. In Bavaria some of the most beautiful embroidered Torah curtains were fashioned, often by Jewish male embroiderers. This central panel of the Parochet, with the dedicatory inscription, was probably sewn onto a larger piece of precious woven brocade material that would cover the ark front. The rampant lions with double tails were a typical design of this area and represent the cherubim who guarded the ark of the law in the temple, represented here by the crown. It was most likely dedicated by the couple named in the inscription to the synagogue in the town of Demmelsdorf in Bavaria. This town is in the area of the city of Bamberg in upper Franconia. The synagogue in which this curtain was likely used was built in 1748. By the early 19th century the population of this small town was something over 200 people, of which more than 60% were Jews.

Inscription: Keter Torah. Shayach leha-Aluf........... This belongs to the esteemed honorable teacher rabbi Ya’akov the son of the honorable teacher rabbi Avraham from Demmelsdorf with his wife, the modest and important Mrs. Fromet, the daughter of the honorable teacher Rabbi Mordechai, may his light shine, from Somerhausen in the year (5)521 [=1760/61] according to the minor reckoning.

Custom
Contents
Codicology
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Pricking
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Façade (main)
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Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
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Location of Reader's Desk
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Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Binding
Decoration Program
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