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Obj. ID: 39387  Torah ark curtain, Tehran (Teheran), 1952

© Gross Family Collection, Photographer: Bar Hama, Ardon, -.

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Name/Title
Torah ark curtain | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1952
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Gross Family Collection No.
049.015.001
Material/Technique
Cotton, Colored Inks, Block Printed
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height: 223 cm, Width: 163 cm
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Hallmark
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Description

The following description was prepared by William Gross:

The parochet (Hebrew: פרוכת) is the curtain that covers the Aron Kodesh (Torah Ark) containing the Torah scrolls in a synagogue. The parochet symbolizes the curtain that covered the Ark of the Covenant, based on Exodus 40:21. "He brought the ark into the Tabernacle and placed the screening dividing curtain so that it formed a protective covering before the Ark..."

Decorated textiles were often produced in Iran by wood block printing. This very large torah curtain was produced in Iran in 1952 using this technique. The dominant feature is the large Shiviti menorah with the 67th psalm in the very center. The decorative scheme has produced a very pleasing textile in large dimensions with an elaborate dedication inscription. Many of the floral and decorative motifs are typically Persian, but some, such as the Magen David with the word Tzion in the center, are specifically Jewish. The ark in front of which the Parochet hung must have quite large, indicating perhaps the large size of the synagogue itself in Teheran, which was the location of the largest concentration of Jews in Iran at the time. There is another Iranian Parochet with wood block work in the Gross Family Collection, 049.015.003.

Inscription: Various Biblical Texts....... Mizmor le-David Adonai Me Yagur....... Personal dedication: This was dedicated for the eternal rest of Menash ben Yosef Shantba within the waters of the city of Teheran on the first day of Shabbat, the 20th day of the month of Nisan in the year 5708 to the creation of the world. Finished in the month of Sivan in the year 5712 [1952]

Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
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Page
Type
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Architectural Drawings
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