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Obj. ID: 39337  Amulet, Jerusalem, 1894

© Gross Family Collection, Photographer: Bar Hama, Ardon, -.

1 image(s)

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Name/Title
Amulet | Unknown
Object
Object Detail
Date
1894
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Gross Family Collection No.
027.015.005
Material/Technique
Cotton, Ink, Letterpress
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
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Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height: 64.2 cm, Width: 46.2 cm
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Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
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Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
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Description

The following description was prepared by William Gross:

This specific form of amulet was first published by Israel Dov Frumkin soon after the establishment of his printing press in Jerusalem in 1874. It was published in two different versions then as well as on different colored paper. Subsequently it appeared in many different printings, some by Frunkin himself but afterwards by many different presses in other variations even until today. This example was printed by Shmuel Zuckerman and was printed in four different versions: a print in gold ink from 1893, this textile from 1894, a print from 1904, and a print from 1914. Many of these publications are represented in the Gross Family collection. Both Frumkin, for almost 30 years, and Zuckerman, for almost 50 years, were important printers of books and single sheets. Such a single sheet was printed to be hung on the wall of a home and represents the kind of printed single pages that made their frequent appearence in the marketplace during the last half of the 19th century. This is the type of decorative page that provided the average Jewish person with the ability to have "art" on the walls of his home. Frumklin was the son-in-law of the first printer in Jerusalem, Yisrael Bak, and worked in Bak's printing establishment from 1870 until he acquired his own press four years later. He was also the printer and editor of the Hebrew newspaper "Havatzelet".

This amulet was intended, as described in the large letters at the top, as a talisman and Shmirah against fire, as a protection for a pregnant woman and as a general shield against all bad things. It contains many Kabbalistic formulae and "names" as well as a number of visual elements, including the depiction of an angel at the center that became the defining image of a great many amulets printed in Jerusalem. The image originated in Eastern Europe, but was copied in the Holy Land and became exceedingly popular as an amuletic device on publications in Jerusalem. The amount of text is much greater than what is normally seen and deals with names of angels and other Kabbalistic lore for protection of the house and its inhabitants.

Inscription: Kamea ve-Shmirah le-Sreifah ule-Yoledet ume-Kol Davar Ra.

Zuckermann, Samuel Halevi and Co, Printing House in Jerusalem; Yehudah Castiel; author - Yosef bar Moshe Eligolah

Custom
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Codicology
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Ruling
Pricking
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Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
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