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Obj. ID: 38213  BLM Hanging of Haman Esther Scroll, Jever (?), mid-18th century

© Braunschweigisches Landesmuseum für Geschichte und Volkstum, Photographer: Pröhle, A., 2022.

8 image(s)

Name/Title
BLM Hanging of Haman Esther Scroll | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
Mid-18th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Germany
| Jever (?)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Unknown |
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Category
Material/Technique
Ink and tempera on parchment
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: 240x3050 mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Hallmark
Condition

In general, the manuscript is well preserved, although its opening section is rather damaged and visibly darker; it is stained too.

Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Description

The Hebrew text of the Book of Esther is written within hand-painted arches decorated with birds and animals, floral motifs and flowers, a view of a city, and a crown. The details on either side of the arches are drawn against a black background. The columns of text are separated with a repeating floral pattern with acanthus leaves. The only narrative scene in the scroll - the hanging of Haman (Es. 7:10) - is incorporated in the column containing a section listing the names of the ten sons of Haman (Es. 9:6-10). The upper margins are decorated with foliate and floral ornaments, while the lower margins are blank. Some details in the scroll are painted with tempera, while others are only pen-and-ink drawings.

Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew with initial benedictions, and a liturgical poem "Asher Heni".

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 5 membranes containing 14 columns of the text with 21, 22, 24, or 25 lines each, except for the col. 12 including Haman's sons section which is written in 11 lines divided into two half-columns.

The scroll opens with an additional column containing three initial benedictions and ends with a column containing the liturgical poem.

The text is written in Hebrew square Ashkenazi stam script with tagin in dark brown (almost black ink) on the flesh side of parchment sheets.

The letters forming the Tetragrammaton (cols. 2, 7, and 9) and ת (Es. 9:29) are enlarged and bolded. Other enlarged and diminished letters are included in col. 12. Their components are additionally decorated with tiny dots.

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) is larger and decorated with scrolled feet.

The ruling is made with a hardpoint along with the membranes.

The pricking is visible on the membranes' edges.

The membranes in the scroll are stitched together.

Each benediction starts with a large and bolded word ברוך - "blessed", colored red, black, or green.

They include ligatures of א and ל letters.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

A similar scroll is stored at the Klau Library, the Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati (scroll no. 55 (V.8)) available on https://huc.on.worldcat.org/oclc/1015672768 (accessed on 28.06.2021).

History/Provenance

Until the end of the 1950s owned by the Jever Jewish community, later in the collection of Dr. Zvi Asaria. In 1984 acquired by the BLM.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Jüdisches Kulturgerät. Eine Auswahl aus den Sammlungen, Braunschweig 1984, p. 22 (Veröffentlichungen des Braunschweigischen Landesmuseums 40).

Stadt im Wandel. Kunst und Kultur des Bürgertums in Norddeutschland 1150–1650, Austellungkatalog, vol. 1, Braunschweig 1985, p. 514.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
Researcher
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
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