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Obj. ID: 38105  IM Hanging of Haman Esther Scroll, Germany (?), mid-18th century

© Dagmara Budzioch, Photographer: Budzioch, Dagmara, 05.2015.

16 image(s)

Name/Title
IM Hanging of Haman Esther Scroll | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
Mid-18th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Germany
| (?)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Unknown |
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
| MS 182/030 (B50.02.1940)
Category
Material/Technique
Ink and tempera on parchment + wood
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: ca. 250 x 3190 mm.
The length of the membranes in the scroll: 1) - benediction sheet: 320 mm, 2) 540 mm, 3) 515 mm, 4) 530 mm, 5) 560 mm, 6) 445 mm, 7) 280 mm.
Dimensions of the selected details in the scroll:
- upper margins: 22 mm (height);
- lower margins: 25 mm (height);
- decorations between the text panels: 20 mm (width);
- opening decoration: ca. 200 x ca. 100 mm;
- final decoration: 55 mm (width);
- an average text panel (inside): ca. 195x160 mm;
- an average letter: 4 mm (height);
- an average letter in the benedictions: 5 mm (height);
- letter ח in Es. 1:6: 6 mm;
- letters in col. 13: 8-9 mm;
- spaces between the lines: 2 mm;
- letters in initials words: 12 mm.

The roller: ca. 260 mm (height).
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Hallmark
Condition

The beginning of the scroll is seriously damaged - it lacks a part of the opening decoration and the third benediction is poorly preserved. Its state of preservation suggests that the membrane was wet; especially its lower margin. The sheet is very dark and some details are barely visible on it. 

Water damages are clearly seen on the lower part of the second membrane.

In general, the text is poorly preserved; in some places, it is almost illegible for the naked eye.

Some decorations are in good condition, while others are damaged.

The membranes are dirty.

Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Description

The scroll opens with a benediction sheet which is an integral part of it. It is decorated with a figurative scene that is difficult to interpret, however apparently, it is related to the Book of Esther narrative. Next to it, there is an arch that enframes three benedictions recited before the Megillah reading. In similar arches decorated with birds and animals, floral motifs, and flowers, the Hebrew text of the Book of Esther is written. The details on either side of the arches are drawn against a black background. The columns of text are separated with a repeating floral pattern with acanthus leaves. The only narrative scene in the scroll - the hanging of Haman (Es. 7:10) - is incorporated in the thirteenth column. The upper margins are decorated with foliate and floral ornaments, while the lower margins are blank. Some details are painted with tempera, while others are only pen-and-ink drawings. The last column contains the liturgical poem אשר הניא Asher Heni.

The scroll is mounted on a contemporary wooden roller.

Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew with initial benedictions and the liturgical poem אשר הניא Asher Heni

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 7 sheets containing 17 columns of the text (+ initial column with benedictions and final column with the liturgical poem) with 23 lines each, except for col. 13 which includes 11 lines divided into two half-columns.

The number of columns per sheet: no. 1 - 1 (benedictions), nos. 2-6 - 3, no. 7 - 2 (column of text + final column with the liturgical poem).

The text is written in Hebrew square Ashkenazi script with tagin in dark brown (almost black) ink on the flesh side of parchment sheets that are very thick and stiff, suede and greyish.

In four columns there are highlighted letters forming the Tetragrammaton; they are larger than average letters in the scroll and decorated with dots in the mid of their vertical components. Similar letters can be found in col. 13 and the letter ת (Es. 9:29) is written as such too.

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) is enlarged and highlighted by its form. Other enlarged and diminished letters are included in col. 13.

Col. 12 is narrower and contains numerous elongated letters.

The ruling is made with a hardpoint along with the membranes.

The pricking is visible on the membranes' edges (they are visible on some images of the manuscript).

The sheets in the scroll are stitched together. 

All three benedictions start with an enlarged and decorative word ברוך.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

Shown on the website of the World War II Looted Cultural Treasures, Israel Museum, Jerusalem (https://museum.imj.org.il/imagine/irso/en/judaica?cat=Esther%20scrolls%20and%20cases accessed on 17.07.2021).

On the blank side of a membrane, the current number of the manuscript and no. 1940-2-50 are written.

The scroll features a dense orange color.

A similar scroll is stored at the Klau Library, the Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati (scroll no. 55 (V.8)) available on https://huc.on.worldcat.org/oclc/1015672768 (accessed on 28.06.2021).

The floral decoration between cols. 5 and 6 (sheet no. 3) is different than all other floral decorations separating columns of text.

Columns of text on the fifth membrane are of different sizes.

History/Provenance

Received through the Jewish Restitution Successor Organization (JRSO).

In the Wiesbaden collecting point registered under number A104.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

A short description of the scroll is available on https://www.imj.org.il/en/collections/281453 (accessed on 17.07.2021).

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
Researcher
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
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