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Obj. ID: 37890  JML Shlomo ben Yosef Esther Scroll with a Carpet Decoration, Greece, 19th century

© Jewish Museum in London (JML), Photographer: N/A, -.

3 image(s)

Name/Title
JML Shlomo ben Yosef Esther Scroll with a Carpet Decoration | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
19th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Unknown |
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Category
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment + silver
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: 110 mm (height).
The total length is unknown because, during the manuscript's examination, only the first two membranes were taken from the case.
Sheet no. 1 - 620 mm, sheet no. 2 - 590 mm.
Dimensions of the selected details in the scroll:
- opening decoration: 87x83 mm;
- frames of the panels: 3 mm;
- the highest letter: 3 mm (not all the letters in the scroll are of the same size).

The case: ca. 275 mm (total height).
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Hallmark
Condition
The very beginning of the scroll is poorly preserved and a part of the frame on the right side is missing. The text and decorations are in good condition. Some parts of the sheets on the hair side are dirty. The seams connecting the second and third sheets and the beginning of the third sheet are damaged. The case lacks a decoration that was originally attached to the top of the case.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Description

The scroll opens with a framed carpet decoration composed of a schematic vase with flowers and plant decoration. The Hebrew text of the Book of Esther is inscribed in frames and between the columns of the text, different floral motifs and ornaments are painted.

A pull bar of silver is attached to the right edge of the first membrane.

The scroll is housed in a silver case with an engraved floral motif. It bears a Hebrew inscription with the date 5455 [=1694/1695 - see "Summary and Remarks"] and presumably with the name of the owner - Shlomo ben Yosef.

Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew

Codicology

The first and second sheets contain 4 columns of the text with 19 lines.

The text is inscribed in the Hebrew square script with in black ink, on the flesh side of parchment membranes that are bright, thick, and stiff. The blank side of the sheets is more yellow.

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) may be slightly higher than an average letter in the scroll.

The ruling - horizontal and vertical lines - is made with a hardpoint along with the sheets. It is well visible on the blank side of the sheets.

The pricking before the first text panel is visible.

The membranes in the scroll are stitched.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
The case of the scroll bears a Hebrew inscription with the possible name of the owner - Shlomo ben Yosef and the date according to the Hebrew calendar 5455 [=1694/1695]:
שלמה ב'' יוסף ש' 5455
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

During the manuscript's examination, only the first two membranes were taken from the case and that is why the scroll cannot be described precisely.

It seems the date engraved in the case was corrected. Possibly originally, instead of "4", there was "6", then the date would be 1894/1895. After the comparison with other scrolls, this date seems more probable than 1694/1695.

History/Provenance
The former number of the manuscript - N30 - in the lower margin, below the opening decoration and on the blank side of the first membrane is written in pencil.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Unknown

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
Researcher
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
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Donor
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