Home
   Under Construction!
Object Alone

Obj. ID: 37888  JML Esther Scroll with Horseshoe Arches, Morocco, 19th century

© Jewish Museum in London (JML), Photographer: N/A, -.

4 image(s)

Name/Title
JML Esther Scroll with Horseshoe Arches | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
19th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Unknown |
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Category
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment + wood and metal
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: ca. 125 x at least 4350 mm.
The length of the sheets in the scroll: 1) 755 mm, 2) 755 mm, 3) 715 mm, 4) ca. 800 mm, 5) 825 mm, 6) ca. 250mm, 7) at least 230 mm (the left edge is placed on a roller).
Dimensions of the selected details in the scroll:
- text panel: 96x68 mm;
- decorations between the text panels: 96x25 mm;
- prefatory panel: 63x45 mm;
- decorations in the upper and lower margins: 12 mm;
- an average letter: 3-3,5 mm (height);

The roller: ca. 285 mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Hallmark
Iconographical Subject
Condition
The manuscript (the text, decorations, and sheets) is preserved in good condition. The hair side of the sheets is dirty.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Description

The Hebrew text of the Book of Esther is inscribed within horseshoe arches, except for the final section that is written in a rectangular panel. The spaces between them, as well as the upper and lower margins are ornamented. The scroll opens with a blank rectangular panel. To the right edge of the first sheet, a narrow strip of parchment is sewn.

The scroll is mounted on a wooden roller with an open-work decoration.

Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 7 sheets containing 48 columns of the text with 14 lines, except for col. 40 with 11 lines divided into two parts (the text fits the shape of the panel and the spaces between the lines vary as in many Oriental megillot).

The number of columns of the text per sheet: no. 1 - 7, no. 2 - 9, no. 3 - 8, nos. 4 and 5 - 9, no. 6 - 3, no. 7 - 3. 

The text is inscribed in the Hebrew square Oriental script, in black ink, on the flesh side of the parchment membranes that are stiff and rather thick. Their sides vary - the side of the text and decorations is brighter; another one is rather yellow. 

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) is highlighted by its form - it is composed of two elements joined with a roof. The letter ת (Es. 9:29) is enlarged.

The leg of the letter ע in the final word of the scroll is decorated with a long swirl.

The lines of the text are not equal because they fit the shape of the panels.

There are some corrections in the text, added by another hand in different ink.

The ruling - made with a hardpoint - is barely visible, except for col. 20 where it is clear; it is also quite well visible on the blank side of the sheets.

The pricking - 15 tiny holes - in some places can be seen.

The membranes in the scroll are stitched.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

In the prefatory panel, three Hebrew letters are inscribed - לפא - with a pencil.

For other scrolls decorated with horseshoe arches in the Index see IDs: 34763, 34782.

History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Unknown

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
Researcher
Dagmara Budzioch | 2021
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconsdivuction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|