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Obj. ID: 36311  JMP Esther Scroll with Birds and Flowers, Italy, 17th/18th centuries

© Jewish Museum in Prague (JMP), Photographer: N/A, -.

9 image(s)

Name/Title
JMP Esther Scroll with Birds and Flowers | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
17th/18th centuries
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community
Unknown |
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Category
Material/Technique
Ink and gouache on parchment + wood
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: 175-178x2470 mm.
The length of the sheets in the scroll: 1) 509 mm, 2) 548 mm, 3) 548 mm, 4) 405 mm, 5) 460 mm.
The text panels: 119-122x78-84 mm.

The roller: 380 mm (height).
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Hallmark
Iconographical Subject
Condition
The manuscript is preserved in fair condition. The most damaged parts are its opening and final parts. The text is legible but in some places, it is damaged or faded. There are some yellow stains on the sheets.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Description

The scroll opens and closes with a decorative cartouche surrounded by flowers and birds. The text panels are surrounded by the hand-painted border made of foliate ornaments with flowers (tulips?) and birds. The same pattern appears on all membranes in the megillah.

The scroll is mounted on a wooden roller.

Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 5 sheets containing 21 columns of the text with 20 lines, except for col. 18 with 11 lines divided into two parts.

The number of text columns per sheet: no. 1 - 4, no. 2 - 5, no. 3 - 5, no. 4 - 4, no. 5 - 3.  

The text is inscribed in Hebrew square Italian-Sephardi script with tagim, in dark brown ink, on the flesh side of parchment membranes.

The letters ח (Es. 1:6) and ת (Es. 9:29) are highlighted by their size - they are slightly larger than an average letter in the scroll. Other enlarged and diminished letters are included in col. 18.

The ruling is made with a stylus.

The membranes in the scroll are stitched together.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

The cartouche included in the opening decoration could originally have contained a drawing or an inscription; at present, the letters "Ed" (?) might be discerned on it. The field of the cartouche included in the final decoration contains a signature of Ottavio Lam[p?] in the Latin alphabet; possibly he was the previous owner of the megillah.

The frames were originally painted gold but now only some remnant of the color is visible. 

History/Provenance
The signature of the previous owner (?) - Ottavio Lam[p?] - is written at the end of the manuscript. Between 1906-1940 in the collection of the pre-war Jewish Museum in Prague. The former number of the manuscript: Ms 417. It belonged to Judaic objects gathered by the Nazis during 1942-1945. At the beginning of the scroll, on its blank side, there are numbers 12559 and Ms 417.
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Olga Sixtova, O svitku / Form of the Scroll [katalog k výstavě konané v Galerii Roberta Guttmanna Židovského muzea v Praze od 22. června do 26. července 2006], Praha 2006, 26-27.

The Precious Legacy. Judaic Treasures from the Czechoslovak State Collections, ed. David A. Altshuler, p. 269, object 253.

http://collections.jewishmuseum.cz/index.php/Detail/Object/Show/object_id/221269 (accessed on 06.11.2020).

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Researcher
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Architectural Drawings
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Section Head
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Donor
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