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Obj. ID: 91
Jewish Architecture
  Wysoka Synagogue in Kraków, Poland

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Khaimovich, Boris, 1995

The synagogue was built in 1556. The building is included in the row of street buildings,  and were built over one of the houses. The prayer hall of the synagogue has three semicircular windows, located in the second level between the pilasters (buttresses). The building was restored in 1863, and after the Second World War, in 1970-1971.

The layer of Renaissance murals, which belong apparently to the second half of the 16th c., were opened in the 1970-s restoration. The murals are preserved in large parts of the southern wall and in the window openings. The fragments of the murals are preserved as well on the eastern wall near the Torah Ark. Rectangular tablets with texts, framed by ornamental borders, covered the walls of the prayer hall. The borders  are decorated with floral and deciduous ornament and by curly vine with bunches of grapes. The elements of Jewish symbols and Renaissance vases were included in the murals. Cinnabar and ocher were the main color of ornament.

The new murals, which have not survived, have been made, probably, over the old ones in the first half of the 20c. These were the images of the signs of the zodiac, sheep’s  of Abraham,  Noah's Ark and illustrations to Psalm 137,  according to Piechotka, M., and K. Piechotka, Bramy Nieba: Bóznice murowane na ziemiach dzwnei Rzeczypospolitej, (Warszawa: Krupski i S-ka, 1999), P.123

 

98 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Wysoka Synagogue in Kraków | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1556-1563
Synagogue active dates
Until 1939
Reconstruction dates
1863; 1970-1971
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Bergman, Eleonora and Jan Jagelski, Zachowane synagogi i domy modlitwy w Polsce. Katalog. (Warsaw, 1996), p. 64 with ill.; Maria and Kazimierz Piechotka, Bramy Nieba: Bóżnice murowane na ziemiach dawnej Rzeczypospolitej (Warsaw, 1999), pp. 120-3 with ills.; Eugeniusz Duda, Krakowskie judiaca (Warszawa, 1991), pp. 97-99 with ills.; Izabella Rejduch-Samkowa & Jan Samek (eds.), Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce, tom IV: Miasto Kraków, część VI: Kazimierz i Stradom - Judaica: Bóżnice, budowle publiczne i cmentarze (Warszawa, 1995), pp. 15-17, ills. 16, 43-44, 61, 97, 107, 119; http://www.sztetl.org.pl/en/article/krakow/11,synagogues-prayer-houses-and-others/3739,high-synagogue-in-krakow-38-jozefa-street-/

Rodov, Ilia, The Torah Ark in Renaissance Poland: A Jewish Revival of Classical Antiquity (Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2013)
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Boris Khaimovich |
Author of description
Boris Khaimovich |
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconsdivuction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.