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Obj. ID: 8337
Jewish Architecture
  Great Synagogue in Bykhov, Belarus

© Vladimir Levin, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 2007

The Great Synagogue in Bykhov was built in the 17th century, and reconstructed later in the 18th century. It is one of the best preserved synagogues in Belarus. Around the year 1990 the building was abandoned.

The documentation undertaken in 1993 lead to the discovery of the remains of stucco decoration and paintings in the dome of the bimah support.

The only preserved painting was a depiction of a vase located on one of the piers of the bimah.

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43 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Great Synagogue in Bykhov | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
16??
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Yes
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

CJA documentation;

Maria and Kazimierz Piechotka, Bramy Nieba: Bóżnice murowane na ziemiach dawnej Rzeczypospolitej (Warsaw, 1999), pp. 270-3 with ills. and ills. 296, 300;

Boris Khaimovich, "Istoriko-etnographicheskie ekspeditsii Peterburgskogo evreiskogo universiteta," in: V.A.Dymshitz (ed.), Istoriia evreev na Ukraine i v Belorussii: ekspeditsii, pamiatniki, nakhodki (=Trudy po iudaike, issue 2) (St. Petersburg, 1994), p. 30-31 with ill.;

Rossiiskaia evreiskaia entsiklopediia (Moscow), vol. 4 - 2000, p. 193-4 with ill.;

A. I. Lokotko, Arkhitektura evropeiskikh sinagog (Minsk, 2002), pp. 72-73 with ill., p. 104 with ill.;

Litin, Aleksander, Istoriia mogilevskogo evreistva: dokumenty i liudi (Minsk, 2006) - volume 2, part 1, p. 136;

http://globus.tut.by/byhov/index.htm#sinagoga; A.S. Dembovetskii (ed.), Opyt opisaniia Mogilevskoi gubernii v istoricheskom, fiziko-geograficheskom, etnograficheskom, promyshlennom, sel'sko-khoziaistvennom, lesnom, uchebnom, meditsinskom i statisticheskom otnoshenii, vol. 2 (Mogilev, 1884), p. 52;

David E. Fishman, “‘To Our Brethren Abroad’: Letters and Reports by Soviet Rabbis, 1925–1930,” Jews in Russia and Eastern Europe 1–2(54–55)(2005), p. 156;

Niunkaitė-Račiūnnienė, Aistė, Lietuvos žydų tradicinio meno ir simbolių pasaulis: Atvaizdai, vaizdiniai ir tekstai (Vilnius, 2011), ill. 30-35

Biuleten' manitorynhu histarychnai prastory, 1/2016: Sinahohi Belarusi, pp. 97-103 - photos of the 1930s.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2016
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
Carmen Echevarria | 2016
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.