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Obj. ID: 53764
Memorials
  Memorial wall in Dyven near Velyki Mezhyrichi, Ukraine, 2005

© ESJF European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative, Photographer: ESJF European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative, 2019

Memorial name

No official name

Who is Commemorated?

Jewish Soldiers and partisans of WWII and Righteous among the Nations from Velyki Mezhyrichi

Description:

The monument is located at the killing site in Dyven village, near Nevirkiv and Velyki Mezhyrichi. The site is surrounded by a stone fence with an arched metal gate, decorated by a Magen David. A high metal Menorah stands near the gate. The monument is a white wall, embedded in the stone fence to the right from the gate. Three separate black stone plaques are attached to the wall on its left side. They bear Ukrainian, Hebrew, and English inscriptions with gratitude to the Righteous among the Nations. Several plaques on the right side of the wall bear Ukrainian, Hebrew, and English inscriptions, commemorating the Jewish partisans and soldiers of WWII from Velyki Mezhyrichi. The plaques also contain English and Hebrew lists of the soldiers and partisans, both Victims and Survivors.

 In the center of the fenced area, the monument to the Shoah Victims is situated.

Inscriptions

Left top plaque (Ukrainian):

З шаною і повагою до праведників миру
які рискували своїм життям
заради врятування приречених
на смерть євреїв із Великих Межиріч
та навколишніх сіл під час Холокосту
в другій світовій війні.
Безмежно вдячні і віддані вам,
громадяни Великих Межиріч
і діаспори!
Липень 2005 року

Translation: With honor and respect to the Righteous of peace who risked their lives to rescue doomed to die Jews from Velyki Mezhyrichi and surroundinf villages during the Holocaust in the Second World War. Infinitely grateful and devoted to you, citizens of Velyki Mezhyrichi and diaspora! July 2005. 

Left middle plaque (Hebrew):

הוקרה וכבוד
לחסידי אומות העולם
על אשר בשנות השואה במלחמת העולם השניה
שמו נפשם בכפם להצלת יהודים מרודפיהם
הוקרה כבוד וברכה
לחסידי אומות העולם
שהצילו יהודים ממז’יריטש והסביבה
הוקדש ע”י יוצאי מז’יריטש בישראל ובתפוצות

תמוז תשס”ה יולי 2005

Left bottom plaque (English):

With honor and respect
to the Righteous Gentiles

who risked their lives to save
Presecuted Jews during the Holocaust
in World War II. Among them were
Righteous Gentiles who saved Jews from
Greater Mezirich and the area.
Dedicated by Mezirichers in Israel
and in the Diaspora.
July 2005 tamuz 5765

Right top plaques

Ukrainian:

Євреї – партизани і воїни
із Великих Межиріч та околиць,
які воювали проти нацистів
в другій світовій війні.

Translation: Jews – partisans and soldiers from Velyki Mezhyrichi and surroundings, who fought against the Nazis in the Second Worls War

English:

Jewish partisans and fighters
of Greater Mezirich
and the area
who fought the Nazis
during the second world war

Hebrew:

פרטיזנים ולוחמים יהודים
מז’יריטש גדול והסביבה
שנלחמו נגד הנאצים
במלחמת עולם השניה

Translation: Jewish partisans and soldiers of the Great Mezhyrich and the vicinity who fought against the Nazis in the World War II

Right bottom plaques

English:

In apprecitaion and gratitude
To the Jewish Partisans and Fighters
Of Greater Mezirich and the area
who live with us in Israel and in the Diaspora
Sixty-three years after the Holocaust of the
Jewish Community of Greater Mezirich
and the area
Tamuz 5765

Hebrew:

הוקרה והערכה
לפרטיזנים וללוחמים היהודים
יוצאי מז’יריטש גדול והסביבה
החיים אתנו בישראל ובתפוצות
במלאת 63 שנים לשואה
תמוז תשס”ה יולי 2005

Plaque on the fence (Hebrew):

 

Commissioned by

Jewish Natives of Velyki Mezhyrichi from Israel and other countries

Summary and Remarks
Remarks

13 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Memorial wall in Dyven near Velyki Mezhyrichi | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
2005
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Unknown
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Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
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0
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History/Provenance

During two mass murders on May 22 and September 26, 1942, the Nazis exterminated about 3,000 Jews from Velyki Mezhyrichi and the vicinity in the Tsehelnia ravine near the village of Nevirkiv [Tsal Kaplun Foundation].

In October 1991, Kim Zakaliuk wrote a material about killing site in the newspaper "Dialoh." In particular, he mentioned the abandoned condition of the site and the lack of any memorial sign there, even 50 years after the Tragedy. After the publication, the Regional authority representatives started memorialization process. The article was also spread among the natives of Velyki Mezhyrichi in various countries. The Rivne cooperative "Hama" made the monument [Zakaliuk].

The installation of the monument to the Shoah Victims was funded by the Members of the Association of Velyki Mezhyrichi Natives in Israel and Canada and the Regional Organization of the Protection of the History and Culture Monuments [Zmina]. Apparently they also erected a metal fence, decorated with the stars of David and Menorot around the site [see photos in Zmina].

The unveiling ceremony in September 1992 started from the school, which was a place of gathering Jews for escorting to the killing site. Local residents welcomed Jewish Holocaust Survivors, who arrived from Israel, Canada, the USA, and various places of Ukraine. The local authority representatives, and Righteous among the Nations also took part in the ceremony. In total, a few thousand people joined the event. The participants moved to Nevirkiv to repeat symbolically the last way of the Victims. Six candles were burning near the foot of the monument, as a symbol of six millions Jewish Victims of the Holocaust. The participants lit more candles and mounted a capsule with a parchment containing the names of the Victims on the monument for the eternal preservation. Then, the soil from Israel was brought to the monument and the Israel and Ukrainian national anthems were sounded. Jewish Holocaust Survivors recited memorial prayers [Feishter, Kyrylchuk].

Apparently a stone fence around the killing site and a Menorah near the gate were erected in 2005 together with a monument to the Jewish soldiers and partisans, as well as to the Righteous among the Nations. The monument was unveiled in Summer of 2005, the Natives of Velyki Mezhyrichi from Israel, Canada and the USA, local residents and authority representatives took part in the ceremony. The participants listened to the national anthems of Israel and Ukraine and recited prayers [Safir]. 

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"Execution of Jews from Velyki Mezhyrichi in Dyven,"
The Map of Holocaust by Bullets, Yahad-In Unum, https://www.yahadmap.org/en/#village/dyven-diven-rivne-ukraine.66.

Feishter, D., "Zvidty rozpochavsia shliakh do pekla," Vilne slovo, September 16, 1992, p. 4.

Kyrylchuk, P., "Traurna tseremoniia v Mezhyrichakh," Visti Rivnenshchyny, September 19, 1992, p. 3.

"Miedzyrzecz,"
Untold Stories - Murder Sites of Jews in Occupied Territories of the USSR (Yad Vashem project), https://collections.yadvashem.org/en/untold-stories/community/14622537.

Safir, Yurii, "Khto zhyvyi – pamiataie," Vilne slovo, August 2, 2005, p. 3.

"U sertsia svoia pamiat," Zmina, September 19, 1992, p. 2.

"Velyki Mezhyrichi: Tsegelnia Ravine,"
Shoah Atrocities Map - Ukraine (Tsal Kaplun Foundation), https://shoahatlas.org/u0908.html.

Zakaliuk, K. "Vklonimosia mohylam," Visti Rivnenshchyny, July 5, 1994, p. 2.
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The following information on this monument will be completed: