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Obj. ID: 53678
Memorials
  Holocaust memorial in Zdolbuniv, Ukraine, 1960s

© via Wikimedia Commons, Photographer: LS, Serhiy, 2014

Memorial name

Пам’ятник жертвам фашизму

Братська могила жертв фашизму

Translation: Memorial to the Victims of fascism / Mass grave of the Victims of fascism

Who is Commemorated?

The Victims of the Holocaust from Zdolbuniv, murdered and buried here

Description

The monument is located at the killing site of the Zdolbuniv Jews. It is a white rectangular upright stele with Russian inscription. The ethnicity of the Victims is not specified. Under the inscription, there is a relief image of a woman holding an infant and a man sitting nearby.

Inscription (Russian):

Обнажи голову.
Здесь покоятся
около 6000
мирных граждан
г. Здолбуново,
расстрелянных
немецкими
фашистами
в 1941–1942 гг.

Translation: Uncover your head. Here rest about 6,000 peaceful citizens shot by the German fascists in 1941–1942.

Commissioned by

Soviet authority

Summary and Remarks

Serhiy LS, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons

Remarks

1 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust memorial in Zdolbuniv | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1960s
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
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Material Cloth
Material Lining
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Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
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Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
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Pricking
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Hebrew Numeration
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Direction/Location
Façade (main)
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Location of Apse
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Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
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Location of Women's Section
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Colophon
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Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

During the liquidation of the Zdolbuniv Ghetto on October 13, 1942, about 1,556 Jews were killed in the quarries of a cement plant in the village Staromylsk [Tsal Kaplun Foundation]. 

According to Yad Vashem, Zdolbuniv Holocaust Survivors erected a monument on the killing site sometime after the war, it was demolished later. In the 1960s, after some plant workers discovered the grave, the Soviet authority installed the monument.

Executive Committee of the Rivne Regional Council of Working People’s deputies included the memorial stele and the mass grave to the monuments list by its decision no. 102 on February 17, 1970 [Rivnenska raionna derzhavna administratsiia].

Local authority representatives commemorate the International Holocaust Remembrance Day, laying flowers to the monument [Zdolbuniv City, Zdolbunivska miska rada Rivnenskoi oblasti].

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"Execution of Jews in Zdolbuniv,"
The Map of Holocaust by Bullets, Yahad-In Unum, https://www.yahadmap.org/en/#village/zdolbuniv-zdolbunov-zdolbunow-rivne-ukraine.716.

Lukshyn, "Vshanuvaly zhertv Holokostu Zdolbunivshchyny," Zdolbuniv City, January 30, 2016, https://zdolbunivcity.net/vshanuvaly-zhertv-holokostu-zdolbunivschyny/ (accessed April 30, 2024)

"Na Zdolbunivshchyni vshanuvaly zhertv Holokostu," Zdolbunivska miska rada Rivnenskoi oblasti, January 27, 2022, https://zdgromada.gov.ua/news/270120221518/ (accessed April 30, 2024)

"Povnyi perelik pamiatok arkheolohii, istorii ta...," Rivnenska raionna derzhavna administratsiia, https://rrda.rv.gov.ua/storage/app/sites/30/%D1%96%D1%81%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%87%D0%BD%D1%96%20%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%BC%CA%BC%D1%8F%D1%82%D0%BA%D0%B8/perelik-pamyatok-rivnenskogo-rayonu.docx (accessed February 17, 2024)

"Zdolbunov: The Quarries of the Cement Plant,"
Shoah Atrocities Map - Ukraine (Tsal Kaplun Foundation), https://shoahatlas.org/u0918.html.

"Zdolbunow - Commemoration of Jewish Victims,"
Untold Stories - Murder Sites of Jews in Occupied Territories of the USSR (Yad Vashem project), https://collections.yadvashem.org/en/untold-stories/commemoration/14683321.
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Marina Sedova | 2024
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: