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Obj. ID: 50284
Jewish Funerary Art
  Holocaust Memorial at the mass grave in the Jewish Cemetery in Zemun, Serbia, 1957

© Olga Ungar, Photographer: Ungar, Olga, 2023

Memorial Name

No official name

Who is Commemorated?

Victims of Fascist Terror from 1941-1945

Description

This memorial consists of a vertical white stele with a stepped top, placed on a stepped pedestal, with white stone receptacles on its sides ( possibly for flowers or candles). It bears an inscription in Serbo-Croatian.

Inscriptions

Main Inscription (Serbo-Croatian)

Жртвама
фашистичког терора
1941-1945

Translation: To victims of fascist terror 1941-1945

 

Inscription at the bottom of the pedestal (Serbo-Croatian)

Савез бoраца НОР Земун

Translation: Union of Fighters of the People's Liberation War Zemun

Comissioned by

The Municipal Board of the Union of Veterans of Zemun

Summary and Remarks

4 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust Memorial to the Victims of Fascism in the Jewish Cemetery in Zemun | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1957
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Stone (white)
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The monument was unveiled in the valley of the Jewish cemetery, on July 4, 1957. The Federation of War Veterans of Zemun initiated the erection of the memorial. The Yugoslav State Commission for the Investigation of Crimes Committed by the Occupiers and their Collaborators formed the Survey Commission for the Investigation of Crimes at the Staro Sajmište Camp shortly after the liberation of Zemun at the end of 1944. This commission executed the exhumation of the victims of this camp buried in the Jewish cemetery in Zemun and in Bežanijska Kosa (Belanović's pitch). A total of 6,500 victims were found in 23 mass graves in the Jewish Cemetery. The monument was erected where the largest mass grave was found. The memorial is a symbolic grave of 12,500 victims of the Staro Sajmište camp.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"Memorials in Zemun," Locations (Vojvodina Holocaust Memorials Project), https://www.vhmproject.org/en-US/Locations/Memorials/26 (accessed July 2, 2023)

Ungar, Olga, "Remembering the Victims: Vojvodina Holocaust Memorials," in   Jewish Literatures and Cultures in Southeastern Europe: Experiences, Positions, Memories (=Schriften des Centrums für jüdische Studien, vol. 37) eds Renate Hansen-Kokoruš and Olaf Terpitz, pp. 217-236.

“Jevrejski logor na beogradskom Sajmištu: istorija i sećanje,” Sećanje na Sajmište posle Drugog svetskog rata - Jevrejski logor na Beogradskom sajmištu - Otvoreni univerzitet, https://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/seml (accessed July 2, 2023)

“Semlin Judenlager in Serbian Public Memory,” Semlin Judenlager, http://www.semlin.info/ (accessed July 2, 2023)

“Život posle smrti: Jevrejsko groblje Zemun,” Jevrejsko groblje Zemun, http://joz.rs/grobljeweb/index.html (accessed July 2, 2023)
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Olga Ungar | 2023
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
Adam Frisch | 2023
Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |