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Obj. ID: 49629
Jewish Funerary Art
  Old Jewish cemetery in Bychawa, Poland

© ESJF European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative, Photographer: ESJF European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative, 2020

According to ESJF European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative, the cemetery was most likely founded toward the end of the 16th century and is located approximately 150 metres east of the town square, directly behind the synagogue, on a hill leading down to the Kosarzewka River valley. It covered a plot of land shaped like an irregular polygon with an area of 0.6 hectares. The cemetery’s early history is not known. After the first Rebbe’s death in 1852, an ohel was erected over his tombstone, where his two successors were also buried. The cemetery was in use until 1911 when a new cemetery was founded. During World War II it was completely destroyed: the fence was taken apart as well as the wooden outbuilding, and tombstones were used for construction purposes. After the War, the area became overgrown with grass and thickets, and was used as a landfill, where it remains as one today. In the 1970s, the southern part of the cemetery was used as an access road to the local co-op. Later, the eastern part of the cemetery was used for sewage and several drainage pits were built there as well. In 2016, along the current southern border of the cemetery, a concrete fence was built along with an informational plaque. Tombstones are still being relocated to the cemetery and the synagogue. To this day only over a dozen partial tombstones, made of limestone and sandstone, were found, the oldest dating to the 1880s and the latest to between the 1920s and 1930s. Any later tombstones were originally from the new cemetery.

The cemetery is fenced on three sides. To the south, a concrete fence approximately 1.8 metres high, to the east and west, there is a metal mesh fence. The fence is damaged in many places. Litter and graffiti were found at the site. A small river forms the natural border of the cemetery from the north. There are 12 fragments of tombstones.

Perimeter length: 297 metres
Summary and Remarks
Remarks

36 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Old Jewish cemetery in Bychawa | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
late 16th century (Established)
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Poland | Lublin Voivodeship | Bychawa
| 5, Kościuszki Street. Opposite the synagogue
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Shape / Form
Unknown
Material / Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources
Type
Documenter
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Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |