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Obj. ID: 48053
Jewish Architecture
  Holocaust Memorial Plaque in Synagogue in Avignon, France, 1948
To the main object: Synagogue in Avignon - Interior

© Samuel Gruber, Photographer: Gruber, Samuel D., 2023

Memorial Name

No official name

Who is Commemorated?                                  

Jews of Avignon who were deported and killed during the Holocaust

Description:

A tall narrow wall plaque is installed on the synagogue wall to the right of the ark. It consists primarily of a list of the victims' names in three columns and bears two Magen Davids flanking the years 1940-1945 beneath a titular inscription. The first name listed is Rabbi Joseph Sachs, Chief Rabbi of Paris at the beginning of the Holocaust.

Inscriptions

French

Aux Martyrs
de la foi d'Israël
1940_1944

[list of victims'names]

La Communaute d'Avignon a ses Chers Disparus
Octobre 1948

Translation: To the martyrs of the faith of Israel, 1940-1944 / [List of names] / The Community of Avignon to its dear disappeared October 1948

Commissioned by

Jewish Community of Avignon

Summary and Remarks

10 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust Memorial Plaque in the Synagogue of Avignon, France | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Synagogue (active)
{"10":"Any immovable marker or memorial that specifically references the Holocaust."}
Date
1948
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
France | Provence-Alpes-Cote-d’Azur région | Provence | Avignon
| 2 Pl. Jérusalem, 84000 Avignon
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Marble
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

On April 17, 1943, several Jewish families were arrested and deported. The memorial lists 75 victims by names, including Chief Rabbi Joseph Sachs [Saks], who as rabbi in Paris was deported and killed, presumably at Auschwitz. In addition, Mr. and Mrs. Szafrajgen are named, but their 16 children are not. It is not clear if all the victims listed came from Avignon, or if they came from throughout Provence.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources
Type
Documenter
Vladimir Levin, Samuel Gruber | 2022, 2023
Author of description
Samuel Gruber, Adam Frisch | 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
Adam Frisch | 2023
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: