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Obj. ID: 44708
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Cantor’s Siddur, Franconia (?), c. 1800

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,

For the full scan of the manuscript, see the websita of the Bavarian State Library.

Summary and Remarks

The Siddur was written for synagogue use, with benedictions and prayers recited by the prayer leader, cantor and warden. There are also benedictions
recited by individuals ( פלוני , somebody) when called by name to read the Torah.
The floral motifs as well as the style (fig. 1) recall the decorative folk art practiced in South Germany at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th century. It resembles flowers decorating for example a cupboard apparently from Franconia, executed in 1808 (figs. 2-3).

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Name/Title
Cantor’s Siddur | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
c. 1800
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Vellum and sheepskin, I + 18 + II leaves.
Note: there are two types of parchment: fols. 1-4 are pliable and seem to be vellum (quires: I-II). The rest (fols. 5-18; quires III-VIII) is stiff, yellowish and seems to be sheepskin. The quires are arranged according to Gregory’s rule.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Full page: 215 x 185 mm.
Text space: (176-183) x (153-160) mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

Ashkenazi Siddur for the cantor and prayer leader, containing various prayers and benedictions recited in the Sabbath morning service after the haftarah of the Torah readings and before the musaf. The Siddur is not vocalised.

Fols. 1-2: Yekum Purkan ( יקום פורקן , May the blessing of Heaven …): two Aramaic blessings, one for the leaders of Israel, the second for the public.

Fols. 2-2v: Mi she-berakh ( מי שברך , The one who blessed): benediction for the public.

Fol. 3: Hanoten ( הנותן תשועה , The one who gives deliverance): prayer for the ruler.

Fols. 3v-4: Announcing the New Moon on the Sabbath before Rosh Hodesh, including mi she-assa ( מי שעשה , May He who wrought), and Yehadshehu ( יחדשהו הקב"ה , May the Holy one bless the new moon).

Fols. 4v-5: Av Harahamim ( אב הרחמים , Father of Mercies): prayer for martyrs recited on the Sabbath before Shavuot and Ninth Av.

Fol. 5: Mi she-berakh: recited on the Sabbath before the “Monday-Thursday-Monday” fasting days (abridged in Hebrew בה"ב ), which take place after each of the Three Pilgrim Festivals.

Fols. 5v-6: Mazkir Neshamot יזכור, מזכיר נשמות , in memoriam): recalling family members.

Fol. 7-7v: Mi-she-berakh: blessing for the rabbi of the congregation and for those who make donations to the synagogue during the Days of Owe.

Fols. 8-10: Haftarah for fast days and its preceding blessing.

Fols. 10-12v: Blessing following the haftarah for fast days, Sabbath, the Three Pilgrim Festivals and the High Holidays.

Fols. 12v-14v: Blessing before reading the Esther scroll on Purim.

Fols. 15-18v: A procedure for changing the name of the sick, to ensure long life.

Codicology

Columns: The text is written in one column, framed by an ink line, except for fol. 13.

Scribes
The text is written by a single scribe.
Script
The text is written in square Ashkenazi script in brown ink.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 11-17 lines per page.
Ruling
No ruling is discernible.
Pricking
None.
Quires
8 quires, mostly consisting of a bifolium. Quire structure: I2 (1-2), II2 (3-4), III2 (5-6), IV4 (7-10), V2 (11-12), VI2 (13-14), VII2 (15-16), VIII2 (17-18).
Catchwords
Catchwords are written in the lower left-hand corner of the page in square Ashkenazi script.
Hebrew Numeration
None.
Blank Leaves
None.
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

None.

Scribal Notes

The scribe has written titles at the top of some pages:
אב הרחמים שוכן מרומים, in faint red (fol. 4v);
מזכיר נשמות, in black ink (fol. 5v);
לימים נוראים, in black ink (fol. 7v).

Watermark
Europe, 19th century, foolscap with a pointed collar.
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding

19th-century yellowish leather (sheepskin?) on cardboard.

Decoration Program

The decoration is limited to quires I and II and consists mainly of large floral motifs in red and green colours and brown ink:

I. Text illustration: crescent and full moon and stars (fol. 4)
II. Decorated end of text (fols. 1v-2, 2v).

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

• A note along the inner margin in faint ink, in illegible cursive script, probably 19th century (fol. 2).
• A red leather sticker with a gold inscription .יקום פורקן
• In pencil on front pastedown: Cod.hebr. 512.
• Acquired in 2012 by the library from Yehoshua Pierce, Lux Judaica, Luxembourg.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Jewish Treasures, Catalogue of Rare and Antique Hebrew books, Manuscripts, Judaica and Objects of Art (Auction No.1. Zurich, 13th December 2005), Cat.82.
Bibliotheks-Magazine, Mitteilungen aus den Staatsbibliotheken in Berlin und München, No. 1, 2013, pp. 6-7.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Condition

Well preserved except for some sheepskin stuck on the damaged first leaf (fol. 1), the text continued by the scribe. Parchment and text by our scribe stuck on fol. 11v, apparently replacing erroneous text. There are red stains on fol. 3-3v offset from the red painted flowers on the opposite page. There are brown stains on fols. 1-4, 8, 15v, apparently due to water.

Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Documenter
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008-2015
Author of description
Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008-2015
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evanc | 2015
Donor
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation |
Negative/Photo. No.