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Obj. ID: 44703
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger's Seventh Venetian Miscellany on Philosophy, Venice, 1552

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,

For the full scan of the manuscript, see the websita of the Bavarian State Library.

Summary and Remarks

Reuben ben Solomon Ashkenazi appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 33, 55; Yishai ben Yehiel in BSB Cod.hebr. 7, 10, 19, 26, 28, 30, 31, 33, 42, 44, 45, 47, 50, 52, 56, 58, 62, 64, 68; Scribe 17 in BSB Cod.hebr. 8, 26, 39, 42, 51, 60, 65.

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Name/Title
Fugger's Seventh Venetian Miscellany on Philosophy | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
c. 1552
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Paper, 1+426+1 leaves.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Full page: 344 x (234-239) mm. Text space: (234-237) x (135-137) mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

1. Sha'ar ha-Shamayim (שער השמים; The Gate of Heaven) by Isaac ben Abraham ibn Latif (fols. 1r-129v): begins אמר המחבר אחר אשר עברה עלי רוח .

2. Beer Mayim Hayyim (באר מים חיים; The Well of the Water of Life) includes the two parts, Ez Hayyim (The Tree of Life) and Mekor Hayyim (The Source of Life) by Hayyim ben Jacob Obadiah (fols. 130r-282r): begins ספר בינו גם תאמינו כי מאנו תוצאות חיים.

3. Middle Commentary by Averroes on Aristotle's Interpretation (פרוש על הבאור האמצעי של אבן רשד על ספר המליצה של אריסטו) (fols. 284r-336r): begins ספר המליצה בכושר ובהלצה וספר המופת כצופים ונופת.

4. Super commentary on Averroes' Middle Commentary on Aristotle's Organon (פרוש על הבאור האמצעי של אבן רשד על ספר המופת של אריסטו) by Levi ben Gershom (fols. 337r-424r): begins באור ספר המופת אמר לוי בן גרשום.

Codicology

Columns: The text is written mainly in one column.

Scribes
Anonymous scribe (title page): fol. 1. Reuben ben Solomon Ashkenazi (Scribe A*): fols. 2-129v. Yishai ben Yehiel (Scribe B): fols. 130-282. Scribe 17** (Scribe C): fols. 283-424. * The letters A, B, etc. denote the order of copying of the main scribes and interpolators in this manuscript. ** Running numbers (Scribe 1, 2, etc.) denote the anonymous main scribes and interpolators throughout the entire group of Fugger’s Venetian manuscripts. The scribes identified by name are not numbered.
Script
The text is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi and Italian (Scribe 17) scripts.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 30 lines per page.
Ruling
Ruling by stylus: 30 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines (e.g. fol. 382).
Pricking
None.
Quires
50 quires of 8 and 10 leaves each except for I1+8, II7+1, XXXIV8+1, XXXV8+1, L6. Quire structure: I1+8 (1-9); II7+1 (10-17); III8 (18-25); IV8 (26-33); V8 (34-41); VI8 (42-49); VII8 (50-57); VIII8 (58-65); IX8 (66-73); X8 (74-81); XI8 (82-89); XII8 (90-97); XIII8 (98-105); XIV8 (106-113); XV8 (114-121); XVI8 (122-129); XVII8 (129a-136); XVIII8 (137-144); XIX8 (145-152); XX8 (153-160); XXI8 (161-168); XXII8 (169-176); XXIII8 (177-184); XXIV8 (185-192); XXV8 (193-200); XXVI8 (201-208); XXVII8 (209-216); XXVIII8 (217-224); XXIX8 (225-232); XXX8 (233-240); XXXI8 (241-248); XXXII8 (249-256); XXXIII8 (257-264); XXXIV8+1 (265-273); XXXV8+1 (274-282); XXXVI10 (283-292); XXXVII10 (293-302); XXXVIII10 (303-312); XXXIX10 (313-322); XL10 (323-332); XLI10 (333-342); XLII10 (343-352); XLIII10 (353-362); XLIV10 (363-372); XLV10 (373-382); XLVI10 (383-392); XLVII10 (393-402); XLVIII10 (403-412); XLIX8 (413-420); L6 (421-424b).
Catchwords
Catchwords for leaves are written horizontally at the left below the text in semi-cursive script by the text scribes.
Hebrew Numeration
None.
Blank Leaves
Fols. 1v, 129a, 282v, 424v-424b.
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

None.

Scribal Notes

None.

Watermark
'A' (27 mm; e.g. fols. 131, 138) or 'B' (24 mm; e.g. fol. 90) in the outer corner of the folio; a trefoil flower between 'P' and '3' in the outer corner of the folio (e.g. fols. 2, 68, 283): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Lettres 75 (Venice, 1548, 1550).
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding

Dark green leather, turned brown, on wooden boards (345 x230 mm); gold-tooled with a central roundel on the front cover, under which are the letters MMMMM. The roundel in the back cover encloses a shield. Both roundels are within an undulating lozenge in a large rectangle, decorated with floral motifs at the centre of each side and at the corners. The spine, blind-tooled with hatching, has four hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the edges of the back cover are vestiges of two groups of three plaited leather bands, with corresponding holes for nails on the edges of the front cover (for preserved bands see Cod.hebr. 301). Each group of three bands terminated in a ring which was intended to hook over the nails in the opposite cover. The leaves are gilt-edged.

This binding was made for Fugger by Anton Ludwig inVenice(Hobson 1999:129). Similar bindings in BSB: e.g. Cod.hebr. 20, 28, 43, 49, 64, 68, 73; Cod.gr. 78.

Watermarks on flyleaves: A star above an anchor within a circle at the centre of the folio (65 mm; front flyleaf): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Ancre 24-31 (Venice, 1556).

Decoration Program

None.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

Owners' inscriptions: None.

Inscriptions of librarians and researchers:

Front flyleaf, verso: Contents in Hebrew in brown ink by Librarian 1:

ספר שער השמים/ ספר מעיין גנים/ באר מים חיים/ ספר המליצה/ ספר המופת.

By Librarian 7: Sepher schaar haschamaim\ Sepher maaian ganim\ Ber maim haim\ Sepher hamelizah\ Sepher hamophes. Below this, by Librarian 3: Rabi Isaac Schaar Haschamaim liber portae caeli\ Maaian Ganim. i. Aquae vitae fons\ Hameliza et hamofes liber votutionis et demonstrationum.

Exlibris and stamps:

Front pastedown: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (227 x155 mm) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab) stuck over his earlier exlibris (175 x135 mm) of 1618,  before he became elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972:A3a-f).

On the front flyleaf and fol. 424v a 20th-century oval stamp of the BSB: BIBLIOTHECA\ REGIA\ MONACENSIS.

Old signatures:

Front cover, lower part in black ink, upside-down: St.8. n0 12 (second signature of Fugger's library).

Front cover, lower right corner in black ink: 2. n0. 38 (Duke's library, Prommer's signature).

Front flyleaf, verso, in red ink: 2. 38 (Duke's library, Prommer's revision of 1583).

Front pastedown in black ink: MS. Hebr. N0 41.

Sticker on the back pastedown and on the spine: Cod.hebr. 46 (current signature).

Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Dressler 1972   F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972.

Harlfinger 1974-80   D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin, 1974-1980.

Hobson 1999   A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings,Cambridge 1999.

Sirat and Dukan, unpublished   C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux"sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished.

Steinschneider 1895   M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895.

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Condition

Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not used. 

Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Documenter
Ilona Steimann | 2008-2015
Author of description
Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008-2015
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evans | 2015
Donor
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation |
Negative/Photo. No.