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Obj. ID: 44701
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger’s Fifth Venetian Miscellany on Philosophy, Venice, 1552

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,

For the full scan of the manuscript, see the website of the Bavarian State Library.

Summary and Remarks

Yishai ben Yehiel appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 7, 10, 19, 26, 28, 30, 31, 33, 42, 45, 46, 47, 50, 52, 56, 58, 62, 64, 68; Meir appears in BSB Cod. hebr. 7, 11, 15, 23, 27, 29, 31, 39, 45, 47, 49, 50, 54, 56, 58, 59; Eliezer ben Yoel in BSB Cod. hebr. 45, 47, 55, 59, 60, 66; and Scribe 20 in BSB Cod.hebr. 42, 61, 66.


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Fugger’s Fifth Venetian Miscellany on Philosophy | Unknown
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Textual Content
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Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Paper, 1 + 508 + 1 leaves.
Material Stucture
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Tesserae Arrangement
Construction material
Full page: (342-345) x (239-241) mm. Text space: Yishai: (236-246) x (139-142) mm. Meir: (219-221) x (130-135) mm. Eliezer: (220-221) x (134-137) mm.
Panel Measurements

Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not used.

Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating

1. Sefer Segullat Melakhim ( ;ספר סגלת מלכים The Book of Sacred Magic) by Abraham ben Meshullam Avigdor (fols. 1-56v): begins אמר אברהם בן שלמה בן משולם שלמה אביגדור כאשר ראיתי רבן המתפארים בדרכי חקירות השפע והאלוהות (Steinschneider 1893:325).

2. Sefer ha-Ammud be-Shorshei ha-Refuah ספר העמוד בשרשי הרפואה) ; Al Fusul fi al-Tibb) by Abu’l-Hasan Ali ibn Ridhwan (fols. 58-146v), translated by Kalonymus ben Kalonymus: begins ספר העמוד בשרשי הרפואה חבור המעולה עלי בן רצואן הרופא (Steinschneider 1893:733).

3. Orah Hayyim ( ארח חיים ; Manner of Life) by Moses ben Joshua Narboni (fols. 147-390v): begins ספר נפילת השער (Steinschneider 1893:746). Other copies in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 276, belonged to Fugger; BSB Cod.hebr. 243 (fols. 25v-69v, 75-126), belonged to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter (cf. Hayoun 1984:354).

4. Gerem ha-Ma’alot ( גרם מעלות ; lit. The Staircase) by Joshua ben Joseph Lorki (fols. 390v-502): begins אמר יהושיע בן החכם הפילוסוף הרופא ר' יוסף בן ביניש המכונה אללורקי צודקי תשבה (Steinschneider 1893:762). Another copy in Munich, BSB Cod.hebr. 280 (fols. 175-241), belonged to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter.

5. Shorashim Kolelim שרשים כוללים בענינים מועילים בסמים המשלשלים ; The Work on Purgatives) by Averroes (fols. 502v-506r) in an anonymous translation: begins שרשי)ם( כוללים בעניינים מועילים בסמים המשלשלים לחכם הגדול אבואליד בן רשד (Steinschneider 1893:676).


The text is written mostly in one column.

Yishai ben Yehiel (Scribe A*): fols. 1-57 and 147 (the title), except for fols. 30 (lines 1-12), 43v (from line 15)-44, 51v-52v, written by Scribe 20** (Interpolator A*). (On fol. 43v Scribe 20 wrote the catchword יסודות , which is the second word of the next quire and Yishai corrected it to ושני , the first word of the quire). Meir (Scribe B): fols. 58-146v, except for fol. 89v (lines 1-22) written by Interpolator 7 (Interpolator B). Eliezer ben Yoel (Scribe C): fols.148-506. Each scribe proofread his own section of the text.
The text is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 30 lines per page.
Ruling by stylus: 30 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines, e.g. fol. 146.
64 quires of 8 leaves each, except for X6, XIV6. Quire structure: I8 (1-8); II8 (9-16); III8 (17- 24); IV8 (25-32); V8 (33-40); VI8 (41-48); VII8 (49-56); VIII8 (57-64); IX8 (65-72); X6 (73-78); XI8 (79-86); XII8 (87-94); XIII8 (95-102); XIV6 (103-108); XV8 (109-116); XVI8 (117-124); XVII8 (125-132); XVIII8 (133-140); XIX8 (141-146b); XX8 (147-154); XXI8 (155-162); XXII8 (163- 170); XXIII8 (171-178); XXIV8 (179-186); XXV8 (187-194); XXVI8 (195-202); XXVII8 (203-210); XXVIII8 (211-218); XXIX8 (219-226); XXX8 (227-234); XXXI8 (235-242); XXXII8 (243-250); XXXIII8 (251-258); XXXIV8 (259-266); XXXV8 (267-274); XXXVI8 (275-282); XXXVII8 (283- 290); XXXVIII8 (291-298); XXXIX8 (299-306); XL8 (307-314); XLI8 (315-322); XLII8 (323- 330); XLIII8 (331-338); XLIV8 (339-346); XLV8 (347-354); XLVI8 (355-362); XLVII8 (363-370); XLVIII8 (371-378); XLIX8 (379-386); L8 (387- 394); LI8 (395-402); LII8 (403-410); LIII8 (411- 418); LIV8 (419-426); LV8 (427-434); LVI8 (435- 442); LVII8 (443-450); LVIII8 (451-458); LIX8 (459-466); LX8 (467-474); LXI8 (475-482); LXII8 (483-490); LXIII8 (491-498); LXIV8 (499-506).
Catchwords for leaves are written horizontally on the left below the text in semi-cursive script by the text scribe; decorated with a looped rectangle or triangle (Yishai), a V, sometimes crossed (Meir and Eliezer [often two words]).
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
1v, 57v, 146a-146a verso, 146b-146b verso, 147v, 506.
Façade (main)
Location of Torah Ark
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Fol. 56v: היום יום ב’ ד’ אדר שני שי"ב לפ"ק פה עיר קדושה וניזיא (Today is Monday, 4th Second Adar, 5312 (29th February 1552), here in the holy city of Venice).

Scribal Notes


Letters ‘Na’ (18 mm; e.g. fols. 7, 12, 46): unidentified; a trefoil flower between ‘P’ and ‘3’ in the outer corner of the folio (32 mm; e.g. fols. 58, 74, 95, 147, 189, 292, 333, 476): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80: Lettres 75 (Venice, 1548, 1550).
Trade Mark

Dark green leather turned brown on wooden boards (340 x 230 mm); gold-tooled with a central roundel on the front and a shield on the back cover within an undulating lozenge in a
large rectangle, decorated with floral motifs at the centre of each side and at the corners. The front roundel is inscribed רפואות , and below it the letters SS SS. The spine, blind-tooled with hatching, has three hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the edges of the front cover are vestiges of four groups of three plaited leather bands, two on the side edge and  one each on the upper and lower edges, with corresponding holes for four nails on the edges of the back cover (for preserved bands see Cod.hebr. 301). Each group of three bands terminated in a ring intended to hook over the nails in the opposite cover. The leaves are gilt-edged.

This binding was made for Fugger by the ‘Fugger Binder’ in Venice (Hobson 1999:119-129). Similar bindings in BSB: e.g. Cod.hebr. 7, 8, 26, 31, 35, 45, 50, 56, 57, 60, A hebr. 278 and Cod.gr. 14.

Watermarks of the back cover flyleaf: A star above an anchor within a circle at the centre of the folio (65 mm): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80: Ancre 24-31 (Venice, 1556).

Decoration Program


Suggested Reconsdivuction

Owners’ inscriptions: None.

Inscriptions of librarians and researchers: The numbering of the texts by Fugger’s librarians does not always correspond to the actual number of texts in the manuscript. However, this is not the case here.
N0 1:1-56v; No 2:58-146v; No 3:147-390v; No 4:390v-502; N0 5:502v-506r.

Front flyleaf, verso: an inscription in brown ink by Librarian 1a: ספר סגולת מלכים מה שהמלכים/ מטיילים בתענוגי הרפואות מרבי/ אברהם בן שלמה/ ספר העמוד בשרשי רפואה/ גם ספר נפילת השער.

Below, by Librarian 2 in greyish brown: Sephaer segulas melachim ma schehamelachim/ mataiolim pataaenuge harephuos meribi Abraham baen schloma Sephaer haamud beschorsche harphua Gam sephaer nephilas haschaar. Id ist Delitiae regum de omnis generis de coramentis in medicina, autore Abrahamo filio Salomonis Liber de fundamentis seu radicibus medicinae Liber in medicina Nephilas haschaar dictus tractans de Abortiuis.

Inside of wooden front cover, in plummet on the exlibris: the contents in German.

Exlibris and stamps:
Inside of wooden front cover: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (227 x 155 mm) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab), stuck over his earlier exlibris (175 x 135 mm) of 1618, before he became elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972:A3a-f).

On the front cover pastedown, verso, there is a 20th-century oval stamp of the BSB: BIBLIOTHECA REGIA MONACENSIS.

Old signatures:
Front cover, lower right corner in black ink: 2 n0 18 (Duke’s library, Prommer’s signature).
Back cover, upper right corner in black ink: St. 9 n0. 15 (signature of Fugger’s library).
Front cover pastedown, upper right corner in black ink: MS. Hebr. 39.
Front flyleaf, recto, upper left corner in black ink: n0. 6.
Spine, on paper sticker in brown ink: 84; in black ink and on the back cover pastedown: 44 (current signature).
On the exlibris in the right corner with the current signature Cod.hebr. 44.

Main Surveys & Excavations

Dressler 1972   F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972.

Harlfinger 1974-80   D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin 1974-1980.

Hayoun 1984   M. R. Hayoun, «La tradition manuscrite des oeuvres de Moïse de Narbonne (1300-1362)», Revue d‘Histoire des Textes, 14/15 (1984/85), pp. 337-357.

Hobson 1999   A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings,Cambridge 1999.

Sirat and Dukan, unpublished   C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux "sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished.

Steinschneider 1893 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Übersetzungen des Mittelalters und die Juden als Dolmetscher, Berlin 1893.

Steinschneider 1895   M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895.

Ilona Steimann | 2008-2015
Author of description
Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008-2015
Architectural Drawings
Computer Reconstruction
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008-2015
Language Editor
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation |
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |