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Obj. ID: 44700
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger’s Venetian Miscellany on Philosophy and Kabbalah, Venice, c.1552

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,

For the full scan of the manuscript, see the website of the Bavarian State Library.

Summary and Remarks

Jacob ben Joseph appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 10, 12, 15, 17, 22, 24, 27, 31, 32, 40, 48, 49, 52, 57, 58, 62, 73.


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Fugger’s Venetian Miscellany on Philosophy and Kabbalah | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
c. 1552
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Community type
Unknown |
Unknown |
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Paper, 382 leaves.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Construction material
Full page: 341 x (229-230) mm. Text space: (238-240) x (135-136) mm.
Panel Measurements

Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not used.

Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating

1. Musarei ha-Filosofim ( מוסרי הפילוסופים ; Ethics of the Philosophers) by Hunayn ibn Ishaq (fols. 1-17v), translated by Judah al-Harizi: begins אמר יהודה בר שלמה הספרדי ז"ל בן שרגיי (Steinschneider 1893:348-353). Not completed. 1st ed. Riva di Trento 1562. Other copies in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 342 (fols. 47-100v) belonged to Domenico Grimani and later to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter.

2. Philosophical commentary on Piyyut (fols. 17v-21): begins אש אוכלת הוא וכו' ר"ל חשבו כי .הוא ראש אוכלה

3. Sefer ha-Yesodot ( ספר היסודות ; The Book of Elements) by Isaac ben Solomon Israeli (fols. 21-52) in an anonymous translation, preceded by Abraham ibn Hasdai’s  introduction (Steinschneider 1893:391-393): begins .אמר אברהם בר שמואל הלוי בן חסדאי

4. Sefer ha-Mis’adim ( ספר המסעדים ; Medical Works) by Moses ben Maimon (fols. 52v-86): begins אמר השר משה בן עבד הקטן לאלהי ישראלי זלה"ה (Steinschneider 1893:768).

5. Introduction to Maamar ha-Nikhbad (מאמר הנכבד; The Treatise of Honour) by Moses ben Maimon (fols. 86-87v), translated by Zerahiah ben Isaac ben Shealtiel: begins אמר משה בן עבד הקטן לאלהי ישראלי הקרטבי (Steinschneider 1893:764). Another copy in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 280 (fols. 37v-38) belonged to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter.

6. Medical Notes by Yuhanna ibn Masawaih (Mesue) (fols. 87v-93v): begins הערות מן הרפואה כתב אותם יוחנא בן מאסויה (Steinschneider 1893:717).

7. Extracts from Book al-Mansuri by Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Zakariya al-Razi (fols. 93v-103), translated by Shem Tov ben Isaac: begins מן מאמר הרביעי מן אלמנצור בחלאים .המתדבקים ראוי לברוח 

8. Sefer ha-Mispar ( ספר המספר; The Book of Numbers) by Abraham ibn Ezra (fols. 103v-146): begins אתחיל ספר המספר לר' אברהם אבן .עזרא ז"ל. אמר בעבור כי השם הנשגב לבדו ברא העולם Another copy in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 150 (fols. 83v-108v).

9. Commentary on Isaac ben Joseph Israeli’s Yesod Olam ( יסוד עולם ; The Foundation of the World) by Solomon Corcos (fols. 146v-183): begins ראשית חכמה יראת ה' שכל טוב לכל עושיהם . Other copies in Munich: Cod.hebr. 33 (fols. 129-184) from Fugger’s Venetian group; BSB Cod.hebr. 261 (fols. 1-48), belonged to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter.

10. Extracts from Kabbalah (fols. 183v-185): begins .רעיון כל הרצונות כל הנרות הנקראים 11.

11. Sefer ha-Yashar ( ספר הישר ; The Book of Righteousness) by Abraham ben Samuel Abulafia (fols. 185v-188): begins וספר הישר אמר דניאל בשנת שלשים ותשע ותשובת אדני (Idel 1976:13). Not completed. Another copy in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 285 (fols. 24-27v), belonged to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter.

12. Sefer ha-Haftarah ( ספר ההפטרה ; The Book of the Haftarah) by Abraham ben Samuel Abulafia (fols. 188-190v): begins ידיעת המשיח וחכמת הגואל תחלת הויה א"ע חכם (Idel 1976:14). Not completed. Another copy in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 285 (fols. 27v-31v), belonged to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter.

13. Extracts from Kabbalah (fols. 190v-199v): begins רבים והם כלם יורו על ענייני דרכי השם ועניין .הקרבנות

14. Shi’ur Komah ( שיעור קומה ; lit. The Measure of the Body) (fols. 199v-203): begins ' אמר ר ישמעאל אני ראיתי את מלך מלכי המלכים הקב"ה והוא יושב על כסא רם ונשא.

15. Sefer ha-Edut ( ספר העדות ; The Book of Testimony) by Abraham ben Samuel Abulafia (fols. 203v-212): begins ר' ספר העדות זה הספר הרביעי ופירוש של רזיאל שהוא השלישי וחבור כי ספר הישר חיבר רזיאל תחלה (Idel 1976:14, 46). Another copy in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 285 (fols. 36-43v) belonged to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter.

16. Sodei Razyya ( סודי רזיא ; Hidden Secrets) by Eleazar ben Judah of Worms (fols. 212-246v): begins ומהו ומעשה האופנים ומעשיהם בין חדרי חדרים לחיות הקודש (Dan 1968:63, 74-5).

17. Sefer ha-Yihud ( ספר היחוד ; lit. The Book of Divine Unity) by Asher ben David (fols. 246v-252v): begins פירוש השלש עשרה מדות להר' משה ב"ר אברהם ב"ר דוד זצוק"ל ערכתי את לבי לתור ולמלא דברי חפצן (Abrahams 1996). Other copies in Munich: BSB Cod.hebr. 53 (fols. 23v-26), from Fugger’s Venetian group; BSB Cod.hebr. 209 (fols. 29v-33)  belonged to Domenico Grimani. Another version in Cod.hebr. 92 (fols. 205-214) belonged to Egidio da Viterbo and later to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter and a fragment in Cod.hebr. 11 (fols. 224v-229v) from Fugger’s Venetian group.

18. Commentary on prayers (fols. 253-265v): begins אל ברוך זה השם הגדול יתברך ויתעלה הנאמר לעיל (Idel 1976:77, 84).

19. Derekh Emunah ( דרך אמונה ; The Way of Faith) by Abraham ben Shem Tov Bibago (fols. 267-376): begins מתי שכל ובינה יאיר נתיב מאמינים (no introduction, ends 1:2).


The text is written mostly in one column.

Two anonymous title scribes: fols. 1 and 266. Jacob ben Joseph: fols. 2-265v, 267-376.
The text is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 30 lines per page.
Ruling by stylus; 1+1 vertical lines and 30 horizontal lines, e.g. fol. 103.
46 quires of 8 and 10 leaves each, except for XIX6, XXXIV4, XLVI4. Quire structure: I8 (1-8); II8 (9-16); III8 (17- 24); IV8 (25-32); V8 (33-40); VI8 (41-48); VII8 (49-56); VIII8 (57-64); IX8 (65-72); X8 (73-80); XI8 (81-88); XII8 (89-96); XIII8 (97-104); XIV8 (105-112); XV8 (113-120); XVI8 (121-128); XVII8 (129-136); XVIII10 (137-146); XIX6 (147-152); XX8 (153-160); XXI8 (161-168); XXII8 (169- 176); XXIII8 (177-184); XXIV8 (185-192); XXV8 (193-200); XXVI8 (201-208); XXVII8 (209-216); XXVIII8 (217-224); XXIX8 (225-232); XXX8 (233-240); XXXI8 (241-248); XXXII8 (249-256); XXXIII8 (257-264); XXXIV4 (265, 265a, 265b, 265c); XXXV10 (266-275); XXXVI10 (276-285); XXXVII10 (286-295); XXXVIII10 (296-305); XXXIX10 (306-315); XL10 (316-325); XLI10 (326- 335); XLII10 (336-345); XLIII10 (346-355); XLIV10 (356-365); XLV10 (366-375); XLVI4 (376, 376a, 376b, 376c).
Catchwords for leaves are written horizontally at the left under the text in semi-cursive script by the text scribe.
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Fols. 1v, 265a-265a verso, 265b-265b verso, 265c-265c verso, 266v, 376v, 376a-376a verso, 376b-376b verso, 376c-376c verso.
Façade (main)
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year


Scribal Notes


A trefoil flower between ‘P’ and ‘3’ in the outer corner of the folio (e.g. fols. 2, 21, 50, 66, 82, 112, 131, 162, 181, 286 and 376): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Lettres 75 (Venice, 1548, 1550).
Trade Mark

Dark green leather, turned brown, on wooden boards (340 x 226 mm); gold-tooled with a central roundel on the front cover. Below it are the letters: GGGGG. On the back cover the roundel encloses a shield. Both roundels are within an undulating lozenge in a large rectangle, decorated with floral motifs at the centre of each side and at the corners. The spine, blind-tooled with hatching, has three hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the edges of the back cover are vestiges of four groups of three plaited leather bands, two groups on the side edge and one each on the upper and lower edges, with corresponding holes for four nails on the edges of the front cover (for preserved bands see Cod.hebr. 301). Each group of three bands terminated in a ring intended to hook over the nails in the opposite cover. The leaves are gilt-edged.

This binding was made for Fugger by Anton Ludwig in Venice (Hobson 1999:129). Similar bindings in BSB: e.g. Cod.hebr. 20, 28, 46, 49, 68, 73, Cod.gr. 78.

Watermarks of the last flyleaf: None.

Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction

Owners’ inscriptions: None.

Inscriptions of librarians and researchers:
Front pastedown: Contents in Hebrew written in Latin characters in brown ink by Librarian 3: Tore sahau schaehiber hapulosoph rabenu iehuda scharegai Mibarzulunga Iair Nesif. On
the right: Id est. R. Iehudae Scharegai liber qui vocatur Tore sahau. In philosophia Iair nesif. id est. semita facida (?).

Exlibris and stamps:
Front pastedown: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (227 x 155 mm) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab), stuck over his earlier exlibris
(175 x 135 mm) of 1618, before he became Elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972:A3a-f).

Old signatures:
Front cover, lower right corner in black ink, upside-down: St. 9 n. 7 (second signature of the Fugger’s library).
Front cover, lower right corner in black ink: 2. n. 16 (Duke’s library, Prommer’s signature).
Front pastedown in black ink: MS. Hebr. 38.
Sticker on the back pastedown and on the spine: Cod.hebr. 43 (current signature).

Main Surveys & Excavations

Abrahams 1996 D. Abrahams, R. Asher ben David; his Complete Works, Los Angeles 1996.

Dan 1968 י’ דן, תורת הסוד של חסידי אשכנז, ירושלים תשכ"ח (Y. Dan, Torat ha-Sod of Hassidut Ashkenaz, Jerusalem 1968).

Dressler 1972   F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972.

Harlfinger 1974-80   D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin 1974-1980.

Hobson 1999   A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings,Cambridge 1999.

Idel 1976 מ' אידל, כתבי ר' אברהם אבולעפיה ומשנתו, ירושלים תשל"ו (M. Idel, Writings of R. Abraham Abulafia and his Teaching, Ph.D. thesis,  Jerusalem 1976).

Sirat and Dukan, unpublished   C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux "sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished.

Steinschneider 1893 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Übersetzungen des Mittelalters und die Juden als Dolmetscher, Berlin 1893.

Steinschneider 1895   M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895.

Ilona Steimann | 2008-2015
Author of description
Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008-2015
Architectural Drawings
Computer Reconstruction
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008-2015
Language Editor
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation |
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |