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Obj. ID: 44139
Jewish Funerary Art
  Entrance Gate in the Jewish Cemetery in Preiļi, Latvia, 2015

© Vladimir Levin, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 4.2022

Memorial Name

No official name

Who is Commemorated?

Preiļi Jews murdered in this place. 

Description:

The memorial is placed near the entrance to the cemetery and stands in the center of a circle of cobbled stones. It is a concrete rectangular arch with a metal gate. The two parts of the gate are cut by the text of the Yizkor prayer for Holocaust victims in Hebrew, repeated three times. A metal seven-branched menorah made of metal “leaves” is attached in the center. 

According to the website "Holocaust Memorial Places in Latvia," "Forms from ancient Egyptian architecture can be discerned in the shape of the arch, created as a reference to the story about Moses and the release of Jewish people from slavery in Egypt."

On both sides of the gate, there are five metal plaques with inscriptions cut into them. The left inscription in Latvian and English provides the dates of construction and reconstruction. The right one contains the blessing “May their souls be bound in the bond of life.” Similar plaques on the inner side of the memorial looking toward the cemetery include the names of initiators, donors, and supporters and the names of the organizations that designed and built the memorial. 

Inscriptions

Façade, right side:

Latvian

Ebreju kapi 1861–1964
rekonstruēti 2013–2015

Holokausta upuru memoriāls
rekonstruēts 2004

English:

Jewish cemetery 1861–1964
Renovated in 2013–2015

Holocaust memorial
renovated in 2004

 

Façade, right side:

Latvian

… lai viņu dvēseles tiktu
iesietas dzīvības tīstoklī…

English:

… May their souls be bound
in the bond of life…

Rear, left side, in Latvian and English

Rekonstrukcijas iniciatīva un finansējums
Renovation initiative and funding
David and Bella Silberman

Ar ziedojumiem atbalstīja / Participating donors:
Robert and Elena Dobrusin

Shmuel Latvinsky and Naomi Nochinson, Frida Klockina
Benjamin Tsemel, Chona and Sheva Vapne, Gena Khil

Sadarbībā ar Preiļu novada domi
un Latvijas ebreju draudžu un kopienu padomi

In cooperation with Preili Municipality Council
and Council of Jewish Communities of Latvia

Rear, right side, in Latvian and English

Kapsētas rekonstruciju īstenoja Lot E.V. brīvprātīgie
Cemetery is renovated by volunteers of Lot E.V.

Piedalījās / Assisted by
Preiļu skolu audzēkņi / pupils of Preili schools
vadītājas / headed by Nora Šņepste, Nadežda Hļebņikova

Tekla Bekeša, Valentīna Maksimova, Oļegs Hļebņikovs
Gita Umanovska, Pilsētas iedzīvotāji / Residents of Preili

Projektēšanas darbi / Design “SIA Malas”
Būvdarbi / Construction works “SIA Preiļu celtnieks”

Commissioned by

David and Bella Silberman, in cooperation with the Preiļi Municipal Council and the Council of Jewish Communities of Latvia

Summary and Remarks

13 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Entrance Gate in the Jewish Cemetery in Preiļi | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
2015
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Latvia | Latgale | Preiļi
| Cēsu St.
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Material / Technique
Concrete, metal
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature

On the rear, lower right:

Projektēšanas darbi / Design “SIA Malas”
Būvdarbi / Construction works “SIA Preiļu celtnieks”

Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

The German troops entered Preiļi on 28 June 1941. Arrests of about 400 Jews by Latvian “self-defenders” took place on July 26, 1941, and the arrested were placed in the synagogue. On the next day, July 27, the arrested were taken in groups to be shot at specially prepared pits behind the Jewish cemetery. The next mass shootings took place at the same site on August 9 and 10, 1941, and also included Jews from the vicinity of Preiļi. About 500 Jews were murdered. The Holocaust events in Preiļi were described in the diary of Sheina Gram, who was shot in August 1941. In 1944, the Nazis unburied and burnt the bodies of the dead.

Probably in the 1950s, a monument inscribed in Yiddish and Russian was erected on the killing site. In 2004, a new memorial was constructed (see here). It also included the black granite stele from the Soviet-times memorial. The new memorial was initiated and financed by David Silberman, a former inhabitant of Preiļi, an engineer, and a public figure in the USA. The author of the new memorial is Sergey Rizh).

The symbolic gate to the cemetery was erected in 2015, also on the initiative of David and Bella Silberman.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"Holocaust Memorial Places in Latvia," a website by the Center for Judaic Studies at the University of Latvia, http://memorialplaces.lu.lv/memorial-places/latgale/preili-municipality-preili-the-jewish-cemetery/.

Lenskis, Ilja, Holokausta piemina Latvijā laika gaitā 1945–2015 = Holocaust Commemoration in Latvia in the Course of Time, 1945–2015 (Riga: Muzejs “Ebreju Latvija,” 2017), p. 103.

Rochko, Josif, Jewish Latgale: Guidebook (Daugavpils, by the author, 2018), pp. 58-60.
Type
Documenter
Vladimir Levin, Milda Jakulytė | 2022
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: