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Obj. ID: 30882
Jewish Architecture
  Holocaust Memorial at the Synagogue in Subotica, Serbia, 1994
To the main object: Synagogue in Subotica, Serbia

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Radovan, Zev, 2001

Memorial Name

No official name

Who is Comemmorated?

Victims of the Holocaust from Subotica

Description

The monument is an upright stele with a semi-rounded top, made of brick and white stone, placed on a three-stepped platform.  The memorial stands in the center of a hexagonal plateau from which two paths extend, one to the synagogue and the other one to the entrance to the synagogue yard. On both sides of the monument, a Magen David is engraved above identical inscriptions in five languages: Serbo-Croatian (in Cyrillic and Latin script), Hungarian, English, and Hebrew.

Inscriptions

Serbo-Croatian (Cyrillic script)

‘Успомена на 4000 Јевреја са којима смо живели и градили Суботицу
несталих у фашистичким логорима смрти током Другог светског рата.
Грађани Суботице 10. јула 1994.’

Serbo-Croatian (Latin script)

Uspomena na 4000 Jevreja sa kojima smo živeli i gradili Suboticu
nestalih u fašističkim logorima smrti tokom Drugog svetskog rata.
Građani Subotice 10. jula 1994.

Hungarian

A II. világháború fasiszta haláltáboraiban 4000 zsidó polgártársunk
veszett oda, akikkel együtt éltünk és építettük Szabadkát.
Szabadka polgárai 1994. július 10-én.

 

English

In memory of 4000 Jewish citizens with whom we lived and built
Subotica. They perished in the fascist death camps during World War II.
Citizens of Subotica, July 10, 1994.

Hebrew

לזכרם של 4000 יהודים שאיתם חיינו ובנינו
יחדיו את העיר נעלמו ונרצחו במחנת ריכוז
פאשיסטיים מלחה"ע [במלמת העולם] השניה.
תושבי סובוטיצה 10 ביולי 1994 

Commissioned by

The Municipality of Subotica

Summary and Remarks

14 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Holocaust Memorial in the yard of the Synagogue in Subotica | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Assembly and/or deportation site
Synagogue (active)
{"10":"Any immovable marker or memorial that specifically references the Holocaust."}
Date
1994
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Serbia | Vojvodina | Subotica
| 6 Jakaba and Komora Square (Trg Jakaba i Komora 6)
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Textual Content
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Brick
White Stone
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

Until the Second World War, the Jewish community of Subotica was the fourth largest in Yugoslavia. In the 1930s it numbered about 6,000 members. The number of Holocaust survivors is 1048.

The Jewish Community of Subotica is active today. Commemoration ceremonies have been annually held by this monument, remembering the anniversary of the deportation of the Subotica Jews (June 16).

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Duranci, Bela and Vera Gabrić Počuča, Javni spomenici opštine Subotica, (Subotica: Međuopštinski zavod za zaštitu spomenika kulture, 2001)

Klein, Rudolf. “A szabadkai zsidóság felemelkedése és hanyatlása,” Múlt és Jövő, nos. 1-2 (1995), pp. 143-160.

"Memorials in Subotica,” Locations (Vojvodina Holocaust Memorials Project), https://www.vhmproject.org/en-US/Locations/Memorials/22 (accessed June 28, 2023)

"Obeležena 73. godišnjica deportacije subotičkih Jevreja," Subotica.info, https://www.subotica.info/2017/06/16/obelezena-73-godisnjica-deportacije-subotickih-jevreja (accessed June 28, 2023)

https://www.vhmproject.org/en-US/Locations/Memorials/22

Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Olga Ungar | 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
Adam Frisch | 2023
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |