Obj. ID: 21352
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts Munich Spanish Pentateuch, Spain, late 13th century
| Cod.hebr. 114 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 114)
Off-white pigskin on wooden boards (280 x 285 mm) by Heinrich Peisenberg, c.1577 (cf. Geldner 1958, pl. LXIV, fig. 85; Haebler 1929, II:64, 268). The front cover is blind-tooled with Ivstitia in the centre holding tipped scales in her left hand and a sword in her right. She stands beneath an arch with two columns, inscribed: Diligite iustitiam qui iudicatis terram Sap. I. Below her: Aequa Gerit Rectam Liberat Quae Pondere Lancem/ Iustitia Immota Firma Tenaxque Manu. The back cover is blind-tooled with the arms of Duke Albrecht V with the initials SDN QCN (Si Deus Nobis Quis Contra Nos). These centre-pieces on both covers are surrounded by three frames: the inner with alternating unidentified profiles inscribed: MIR, ALE, IOH, ION; the middle one with alternating portraits of St. Paul with a book and sword, inscribed: Apparvit benig(nitas) (Tit. 3:4), John the Baptist with an open book, inscribed Ecce Agnus De(i) (John 1:29), Christ with a cross on orb, inscribed Data est mihi om(nis) (Matthew 28:18), David with a harp, inscribed De fructu ventri(s) (Ps.132:11; Vulgate 131:11); the outer frame is decorated with interlacing floral chains.
The spine has three double cords and head and tail bands. Vestiges of two straps on the back cover and nails for clasps in the front cover.
For a similar binding see BSB Cod.hebr. 208 (see also CJA Documentation).
- Massorah in micrography written by the massorator in simple geometrical decoration (mostly zigzag; e.g. fols. 90-91, 128v-129, 179).
- Decorated parashah signs mostly by the massorator (fols. 26v, 35, 58, 67, 87, 105v, 125v, 135v, 141v, 151, 159v, 169, 181v, 192v, 212v, 221v, 230, 238, 246v, 254, 259v, 270v, 275v). By another hand (fols. 18, 78v. A cross decorating the word פרש' (parashah; fol. 116), perhaps by Widmanstetter.
- Decorated end of text: Saadia Gaon's translation (e.g. fols. 199v, 219v-220, 245v, 249, 250) and the commentary (e.g. fols. 80v, 82, 83v, 90, 91-91v) by the Scribe written in zigzag forms.
- One catchword decorated with a simple foliate motif by the Scribe (fol. 199v).