Object Alone

Obj. ID: 21351
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger's Medical Miscellany, Venice, c.1551

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,
Summary and Remarks

Meir appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 7, 11, 15, 23, 27, 29, 31, 39, 44, 47, 49, 50, 54, 56, 58, 59; Scribe17 inBSB Cod.hebr. 26, 39, 42, 46, 51, 60, 65; and Ezra of Fano in BSB Cod.hebr. 9, 26, 31, 35, 56, 57.


5 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Fugger's Venetian Medical Miscellany | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Community type
Unknown |
Unknown |
Period Detail
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 8 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 8)
Documentation / Research project
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Shape / Form
Material / Technique
Paper, 1 + 453 + 1 leaves.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Construction material
Full page: (354-355) x (243-249) mm.
Text space: Meir: (222-227) x (135-136) mm.
Scribe 17 and Ezra: (238-240) x (134-135) mm.
Panel Measurements
Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not used.
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
1. Sefer ha-Shimush (ספר השמוש; Kitab al-Tasrif; chapters 3-14) by Abu'l-Qasim Khalaf ibn Abbas Zahrawi (Abulcasis) (fols. 1'-191v) translated by Shem Tov ben Isaac of Tortosa: beginsאמר המחבר קבצנו בזה המאמר תכונות ההרכבות הקדמות והמרחץ והמשלשלים והמשקים (Steinschneider 1893:741). Another copy in Munich, BSB Cod.hebr. 80 (chapters 1-2), belonged to Domenico Grimani. At the end of chapter 12 there is a passage on phlebotomy (Steinschneider 1893:668). 2. Synonyms (שינוי שמות הנקראים שינונומוש) (fols. 192-199): begins אכליל אל מליך כלומר נדר המלך. This is a list of medical terms in Avicenna's Canon up to the letter ל (L). 3. Ein Kol (עין כל), Commentary on Avicenna's Canon (Book I) by Shem Tov ben Isaac ibn Shaprut (fols. 200-381): begins אמר המפרש שם טוב בן שפרוט מעיר תטילה יע"א (cf. Steinschneider 1893:689-690). 4. Medical Questions (שאלות רפואיות) (fols. 382-384): beginsשאלות לחה החול מה אם יחזרו . 5. Uroscopy (תנאי השתן) (fol. 384v): begins תנאי השתן. הנה אכתוב לך בכתב אמת חמישה שורשים (Steinschneider 1893:841). 6. Practica chirurgiae (חכמה נשלמת במלאכת היד) by Leon Franco (fols. 386-444v): beginsאמר החכם ליאונפראנק הנה בהיותי בעיר ההוללה פאריש (cf. Steinschneider 1893:808). Another copy in Munich, BSB Cod.hebr. 271 (fols. 1-160), belonged to Johann Albrecht Widmanstetter. 7. Uroscopy (מראות השתן) (fols. 445-447): beginsאתחיל לכתוב ספר מראות השתן כלל קצר כולל הרבה ממראות השתן דע ידיד כי השתן הוא תמצית הדם משאר הליחות (cf. Steinschneider 1893:841). 8. Uroscopy (מראות השתן) (fols. 447-453v): begins מראות השתן הראיות הנלקחות על השתן נלקחו משבעה סוגים (cf. Steinschneider 1893:541).
Meir (Scribe A*): fols. 1'-199v in dark brown ink. Scribe 17** (Scribe B): fols. 200-384v in dark brown ink. Ezra of Fano (Scribe C): fols. 386-453v in brown and dark brown ink. * The letters A, B, etc. denote the order of copying by the main scribes and interpolators in this manuscript. ** Running numbers (Scribe 1, 2, etc.) denote anonymous main scribes and interpolators throughout the entire group of Fugger’s Venetian manuscripts. Scribes identified by name are not numbered.
The text is written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi (Meir) and Italian (Scribe 17 and Ezra) script.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 29 (Meir) and 30 (Scribe 17 and Ezra) lines per page, mostly in one column.
Ruling by stylus: 30 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines, e.g. fol. 132.
52 quires of 8 and 10 leaves each, except for XXVI12-1, XLIII14, LI6, LII6. Quire composition: I8 (1'-7); II8 (8-15); III8 (16-23); IV8 (24-31); V8 (32-39); VI8 (40-47); VII8 (48-55); VIII8 (56-63); IX8 (64-71); X8 (72-79); XI8 (80-87); XII8 (88-95); XIII8 (96-103); XIV8 (104-111); XV8 (112-119); XVI8 (120-127); XVII8 (128-135); XVIII8 (136-143); XIX8 (144-151); XX8 (152-159); XXI8 (160-167); XXII8 (168-175); XXIII8 (176-183); XXIV8 (184-191); XXV8 (192-199); XXVI12-1 (200-210); XXVII10 (211-220); XXVIII10 (221-230); XXIX10 (231-240); XXX10 (241-250); XXXI10 (251-260); XXXII10 (261-271 wrongly foliated: 267, 269, …); XXXIII10 (272-281); XXXIV10 (282-291); XXXV10 (292-301); XXXVI10 (302-311); XXXVII10 (312-321); XXXVIII10 (322-331); XXXIX10 (332-341); XL10 (342-351); XLI10 (352-361); XLII10 (362-371); XLIII14 (372-385); XLIV8 (386-393); XLV8 (394-401); XLVI8 (402-409); XLVII8 (410-417); XLVIII8 (418-425); XLIX8 (426-433); L8 (434-441); LI6 (442-447); LII6 (448-453).
Catchwords for leaves are written horizontally on the left below the text in semi-cursive script by the text scribe.
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Fols. 385 recto and verso.
Façade (main)
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Scribal Notes
'B' in the outer corner of the folio (25 mm; e.g. fols. 298, 301). Counter mark: two crossed arrows forming an X, their tips pointing down, in the centre of the folio (66 mm; e.g. fols. 202, 203, 204); 'A' with a curl on its right in the outer corner of the folio (22 mm; e.g. fols. 1', 2, 4, 25): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80: Flèche 35 and 41 (1550, 1547); letters 'MC' in the outer corner of the folio (26 mm; e.g. fols. 450, 452): unidentified.
Trade Mark

Dark green leather on wooden boards (352 x241 mm); gold-tooled with a central roundel on the front and a shield on the back cover within an undulating lozenge in a large rectangle, decorated with floral motifs at the centre of each side and at the corners. The front roundel is inscribed רפואה, and below are the letters KKKK. The spine, blind-tooled with hatching, has four hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the edges of the front cover are vestiges of four groups of three plaited leather bands, two on the side and one each on the upper and lower edges, with corresponding holes for four nails on the edges of the back cover (for preserved bands see Cod.hebr. 301). Each group of three bands terminated in a ring intended to hook over the nails in the opposite cover. The leaves are gilt-edged.


This binding was made for Fugger by the 'Fugger Binder' inVenice(Hobson 1999:119-129). Similar bindings in BSB: e.g. Cod.hebr. 7, 26, 31, 35, 44, 45, 50, 56, 57,60, Ahebr. 278 and Cod.gr. 14.


Watermarks of the front and back cover flyleaves: A star above an anchor within a circle at the centre of the folio (65 mm): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80: Ancre 24-31 (Venice, 1556).

Decoration Program
  1. Decorative titles by Meir (fol. 1').
  2. Initial words by Meir (fols. 1 and 99v).
  3. Two human profiles flanking the end formula by Meir (fol. 17).
  4. Text illustration by Ezra of Fano (fol. 418v).


Suggested Reconsdivuction
Owners' inscriptions: None. Inscriptions of librarians and researchers: Front pastedown: an inscription in brown ink by Librarian 1a: ספר אלזוהר הנקר(א) ספר רפואות/ גם ביאור לשם טוב בן שפרוט/ הספר על הזה הנכבד ראשון מהקנון/ אשר חבר הפילוסוף הגדול אבועיאלי/ בן סינא. Below it: Sephaer elsohar hanikra sephaer riphuos,\ gam biur leschem tou baen schaphrot\ hasephaer al hasae hanikra rischon\ mehakanan aschaer hiber haphilosoph\ hagadol achueli baen sina\ Id est. On the right by Librarian 3: Alsaharis liber medicus de\ varijs pharmacorum composi\tionibus, et pluribus authori(tas)?\ excerptus.\ Etiam. Comentarius in medicina\ Schemtof. filij Schafrot. qui liber\ primus dicitur de Canonibus. On a separate piece of paper by Librarian 5: contents in Latin. Back pastedown, in plummet on the exlibris: contents of the manuscript in German. Exlibris and stamps: Inside of back wooden board: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (227 x 155 mm) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab), stuck over his earlier exlibris (175 x 135 mm) of 1618, before he became Elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972:A3a-f). On fol. 1v there is a 20th-century oval stamp of the BSB: BIBLIOTHECA\ REGIA\ MONACENSIS. Old signatures: Back cover, upper right part in black ink, upside down: St. 9 n0 10 (second signature of Fugger's library). On a separate piece of paper by Librarian 5: Stat. 8 n0 60. Front cover, lower right part in black ink: I. n. 60 (the Duke's library, Prommer's signature). Front pastedown, middle part in red ink: I 50 (the Duke's library, Prommer's revision of 1583). Front pastedown, upper right part, in black ink: MS. Hebr. 4. Spine, on sticker in brown ink: 60 and 8 (the latter is the current signature).
Main Surveys & Excavations
Dressler 1972 F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972. Harlfinger 1974-80 D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin 1974-1980. Hobson 1999 A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings, Cambridge 1999. Sirat and Dukan, unpublished C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux"sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished. Steinschneider 1893 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Übersetzungen des Mittelalters und die Juden als Dolmetscher, Berlin 1893. Steinschneider 1895 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895.
Ilona Steimann | 2008, 2015
Author of description
Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008, 2015 ; 2015
Architectural Drawings
Computer Reconstruction
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 06-2016; 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evans | 2015
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation |
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |